The Validation of Session Rating of Perceived Exertion for Quantifying Internal Training Load in Adolescent Distance Runners

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $112.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $149.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $213.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $284.00

Purpose: To investigate the effect of measurement timing and concurrent validity of session and differential ratings of perceived exertion (sRPE and dRPE, respectively) as measures of internal training load in adolescent distance runners. Methods: A total of 15 adolescent distance runners (15.2 [1.6] y) performed a 2-part incremental treadmill test for the assessment of maximal oxygen uptake, heart rate (HR), and blood lactate responses. Participants were familiarized with RPE and dRPE during the treadmill test using the Foster modified CR-10 Borg scale. Subsequently, each participant completed a regular 2-wk mesocycle of training. Participants wore an HR monitor for each exercise session and recorded their training in a logbook, including sRPE, dRPE leg exertion (dRPE-L), and breathlessness (dRPE-B) following session completion (0 min), 15 min postsession, and 30 min postsession. Results: sRPE, dRPE-L, and dRPE-B scores were all most likely lower when reported 30 min postsession compared with scores 0 min postsession (%change, ±90% confidence limits; sRPE −26.5%, ±5.5%; dRPE-L −20.5%, ±5.6%; dRPE-B −38.9%, ±7.4%). sRPE, dRPE-L, and dRPE-B all maintained their largest correlations (r = .74–.89) when reported at session completion (0 min) in comparison with each of the HR-based criteria measures. Conclusion: sRPE, whether reported 0, 15, or 30 min postsession, provides a valid measure of internal training load in adolescent distance runners. In addition, dRPE-L and dRPE-B can be used in conjunction with sRPE across all time points (0, 15, and 30 min) to discriminate between central and peripheral exertion.

Mann, Williams and Barker are with Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom. Clift is with Physical Culture, Sport and Health, Dept for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.

Barker (A.R.Barker@exeter.ac.uk) is corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Borresen J, Lambert MI. The quantification of training load, the training response and the effect on performance. Sports Med. 2009;39:779795. PubMed ID: 19691366 doi:10.2165/11317780-000000000-00000

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Windt J, Gabbett TJ. How do training and competition workloads relate to injury? The workload—injury aetiology model. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:428435. PubMed ID: 27418321 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096040

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Murray A. Managing the training load in adolescent athletes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12(suppl 2):S2-42S2-49. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0334

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Brenner JS. Sports specialization and intensive training in young athletes. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3). doi:10.1542/peds.2016-2148

  • 5.

    Astrand PO, Rodahl K. Textbook of Work Physiology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company; 1986.

  • 6.

    Buchheit M. Monitoring training status with HR measures: do all roads lead to Rome? Front Physiol. 2014;5:73. doi:10.3389/fphys.2014.00073

  • 7.

    Halson SL. Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes. Sports Med. 2014;44:139147. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0253-z

  • 8.

    Foster C, Hector LL, Welsh R, Schrager M, Green MA, Snyder AC. Effects of specific versus cross-training on running performance. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.1995;70:367372. PubMed ID: 7649149 doi:10.1007/BF00865035

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Christen J, Foster C, Porcari JP, Mikat RP. Temporal robustness of the session rating of perceived exertion. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11:10881093. PubMed ID: 26999454 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2015-0438

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Hutchinson JC, Tenenbaum G. Perceived effort—can it be considered gestalt? Psychol Sport Exerc. 2006;7:463476. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.01.007

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    McLaren SJ, Graham M, Spears IR, Weston M. The sensitivity of differential ratings of perceived exertion as measures of internal load. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11:404406. PubMed ID: 26218099 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2015-0223

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Haddad M, Stylianides G, Djaoui L, Dellal A, Chamari K. Session-RPE method for training load monitoring: validity, ecological usefulness, and influencing factors. Front Neurosci. 2017;11:612. PubMed ID: 29163016 doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00612

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Groslambert A, Mahon AD. Perceived exertion: influence of age and cognitive development. Sports Med. 2006;36:911928. PubMed ID: 17052130 doi:10.2165/00007256-200636110-00001

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Mujika I. Quantification of training and competition loads in endurance sports: methods and applications. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12(suppl 2):S2-9S2-17. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0403

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Jones A. Middle- and long-distance running. In: Winter EM, Jones AM, Davison R, Bromley PD, Mercer T. Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines, Vol 1: Sport Testing. 2007. Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Moore SA, McKay HA, Macdonald H, et al. Enhancing a somatic maturity prediction model. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47:17551764. PubMed ID: 25423445 doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000588

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Borg G. Borg’s Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1998.

  • 18.

    Manzi V, Iellamo F, Impellizzeri F, D’Ottavio S, Castagna C. Relation between individualized training impulses and performance in distance runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:20902096. PubMed ID: 19812506 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a6a959

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Morton R, Fitz-Clarke J, Banister E. Modeling human performance in running. J Appl Physiol. 1990;69:11711177. PubMed ID: 2246166 doi:10.1152/jappl.1990.69.3.1171

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Edwards S. High performance training and racing. In The Heart Rate Monitor Book. Sacramento, CA: Feet Fleet Press; 1993:113123.

  • 21.

    Lucia A, Hoyos J, Santalla A, Earnest C, Chicharro JL. Tour de France versus Vuelta a España: which is harder? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35:872878. PubMed ID: 12750600 doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000064999.82036.B4

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Weston M, Siegler J, Bahnert A, McBrien J, Lovell R. The application of differential ratings of perceived exertion to Australian Football League matches. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18:704708. PubMed ID: 25241705 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2014.09.001

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistics notes: calculating correlation coefficients with repeated observations: part 1—correlation within subjects. BMJ. 1995;310:446. PubMed ID: 7873953 doi:10.1136/bmj.310.6977.446

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Hopkins WG. A spreadsheet for deriving a confidence interval, mechanistic inference and clinical inference from a P value. Sportscience. 2007;11:1620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J. Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:313. PubMed ID: 19092709 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Cohen J. A power primer. Psychol Bull. 1992;112:155159. PubMed ID: 19565683 doi:10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155

  • 27.

    Millet GP, Vleck VE, Bentley DJ. Physiological differences between cycling and running. Sports Med. 2009;39:179206. PubMed ID: 19290675 doi:10.2165/00007256-200939030-00002

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Lupo C, Capranica L, Cortis C, Guidotti F, Bianco A, Tessitore A. Session-RPE for quantifying load of different youth taekwondo training sessions. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017;57:189194. PubMed ID: 26796074

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Haddad M, Chaouachi A, Castagna C, Wong DP, Behm DG, Chamari K. The construct validity of session RPE during an intensive camp in young male taekwondo athletes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2011;6:252263. PubMed ID: 21725110 doi:10.1123/ijspp.6.2.252

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Coutts AJ, Sassi A, Marcora SM. Use of RPE-based training load in soccer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36:10421047. PubMed ID: 15179175 doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000128199.23901.2F

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Lupo C, Capranica L, Tessitore A. The validity of the session-RPE method for quantifying training load in water polo. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9:656660. PubMed ID: 24231176 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2013-0297

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 541 428 35
Full Text Views 27 16 1
PDF Downloads 22 15 1