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Postactivation potentiation (PAP) mechanisms and responses have a long scientific history. However, to this day there is still controversy regarding the mechanisms underlying enhanced performance after a conditioning activity. More recently, the term postactivation performance enhancement (PAPE) has been proposed with differing associated mechanisms and protocols than with PAP. However, these 2 terms (PAP and PAPE) may not adequately describe all specific potentiation responses and mechanisms and can also be complementary, in some cases. Purpose: This commentary presents and discusses the similarities and differences between PAP and PAPE and, subsequently, elaborates on a new taxonomy for better describing performance potentiation in sport settings. Conclusion: The elaborated taxonomy proposes the formula “Post-[CONDITIONING ACTIVITY] [VERIFICATION TEST] potentiation in [POPULATION].” This taxonomy would avoid erroneous identification of isolated physiological attributes and provide individualization and better applicability of conditioning protocols in sport settings.

Boullosa is with the INISA, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Brazil. Beato is with the School of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Suffolk, Ipswich, United Kingdom. Dello Iacono is with the Inst of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, School of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, United Kingdom. Cuenca-Fernández is with the Dept of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Doma is with the College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia. Schumann is with the Dept of Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine, German Sports University, Cologne, Germany. Zagatto is with the Dept of Physical Education, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru-SP, Brazil. Loturco is with the Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo, Brazil, and the University of South Wales, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom. Behm is with the School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s, NL, Canada.

Boullosa (daniel.boullosa@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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