Call to Action: Recommendations to Improve the Methodological Reporting of Games-Based Drills in Basketball Research

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $112.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $149.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $213.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $284.00

Purpose: Games-based drills are the predominant form of training adopted during basketball practice. As such, researchers have begun to quantify the physical, physiological, and perceptual demands of different games-based drill formats. However, study methodology has not been systematically reported across studies, limiting the ability to form conclusions from existing research. The authors developed this call to action to draw attention to the current standard of methodological reporting in basketball games-based drill research and establish a systematic reporting standard the authors hope will be utilized in future research. The Basketball Games-Based Drill Methodical Reporting Checklist (BGBDMRC) was developed to encourage the systematic reporting of games-based drill methodology. The authors used the BGBDMRC to evaluate the current methodological reporting standard of studies included in their review published in the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, “A Systematic Review of the External and Internal Workloads Experienced During Games-Based Drills in Basketball Players” (2020), which highlighted this issue. Of the 17 studies included in their review, only 38% (±18%) of applicable checklist items were addressed across included studies, which is problematic as checklist items are essential for study replication. Conclusions: The current standard of methodological reporting in basketball games-based drill research is insufficient to allow for replication of examined drills in future research or the application of research outcomes to practice. The authors implore researchers to adopt the BGBDMRC to improve the quality and reproducibility of games-based drill research and increase the translation of research findings to practice.

O’Grady, Fox, Scanlan, and Dalbo are with the School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences and the Human Exercise and Training Laboratory, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia. Conte is with the Inst of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania. Ferioli is with the Dept of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Dalbo (v.dalbo@cqu.edu.au) is corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Davids K, Araújo D, Correia V, Vilar L. How small-sided and conditioned games enhance acquisition of movement and decision-making skills. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2013;41(3):154161. PubMed ID: 23558693 doi:10.1097/JES.0b013e318292f3ec

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Halouani J, Chtourou H, Gabbett T, Chaouachi A, Chamari K. Small-sided games in team sports training. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(12):35943618. PubMed ID: 24918302 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000564

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Svilar L, Castellano J, Jukic I. Comparison of 5vs5 training games and match-play using microsensor technology in elite basketball. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33(7):18971903. PubMed ID: 30204654 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002826

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Conte D, Favero T, Niederhausen M, Capranica L, Tessitore A. Effect of number of players and maturity on ball-drills training load in youth basketball. Sports. 2017;5:3. doi:10.3390/sports5010003

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Conte D, Favero T, Niederhausen M, Capranica L, Tessitore A. Effect of different number of players and training regimes on physiological and technical demands of ball-drills in basketball. J Sports Sci. 2016;34(8):780786. PubMed ID: 26208533 doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1069384

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Atli H, Koklu Y, Alemdaroglu U, Kocak FU. A comparison of heart rate response and frequencies of technical actions between half-court and full-court 3-a-side games in high school female basketball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27:352356. PubMed ID: 22465987 doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182542674

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Sansone P, Tessitore A, Paulauskas H, et al. Physical and physiological demands and hormonal responses in basketball small-sided games with different tactical tasks and training regimes. J Sci Med Sport. 2019;22(5):602606. PubMed ID: 30538078 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2018.11.017

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Conte D, Favero TG, Niederhausen M, Capranica L, Tessitore A. Physiological and technical demands of no dribble game drill in young basketball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(12):33753379. PubMed ID: 26595130 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000997

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    O’Grady CJ, Fox JL, Dalbo VJ, Scanlan AT. A systematic review of the external and internal workloads experienced during games-based drills in basketball players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020;15(5):603616. PubMed ID: 32294618 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2019-0785

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Vazquez-Guerrero J, Reche X, Cos F, Casamichana D, Sampaio J. Changes in external load when modifying rules of 5-on-5 scrimmage situations in elite basketball. J Strength Cond Res. 2020;34(11):32173224. PubMed ID: 33105373 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002761

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Stojanović E, Stojiljković N, Scanlan AT, Dalbo VJ, Berkelmans DM, Milanović Z. The activity demands and physiological responses encountered during basketball match-play: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2018;48(1):111135. PubMed ID: 29039018 doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0794-z

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Suárez Iglesias D, Dehesa Suances R, Scanlan A, Rodriguez-Marroyo J, Vaquera A. Defensive strategy and player sex impact heart rate responses during games-based drills in professional basketball  [published online ahead of print December 11, 2020]. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2019-0736

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Fox JL, Conte D, Stanton R, McLean B, Scanlan AT. The application of accelerometer-derived moving averages to quantify peak demands in basketball: a comparison of sample duration, playing role, and session type [published online ahead of print February 14, 2020]. J Strength Cond Res. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003486

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Bickers MJ. Does verbal encouragement work? The effect of verbal encouragement on a muscular endurance task. Clin Rehabil. 1993;7(3):196200. doi:10.1177/026921559300700303

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Castagna C, Impellizzeri FM, Chaouachi A, Ben Abdelkrim N, Manzi V. Physiological responses to ball-drills in regional level male basketball players. J Sports Sci. 2011;29(12):13291336.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Clemente F, Gonzalez-Villora S, Delextrat A, Martins F, Vicedo J. Effects of the sports level, format of the game and task condition on heart rate responses, technical and tactical performance of youth basketball players. J Hum Kinet. 2017;58:141155.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Clemente F, Conte D, Sanches R, Moleiro CF, Gomes M, Lima R. Anthropometry and fitness profile, and their relationships with technical performance and perceived effort during small-sided basketball games. Res Sports Med. 2019;27(4):452466.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Delextrat A, Kraiem S. Heart-rate responses by playing position during ball drills in basketball. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(4):410418. doi:10.1123/ijspp.8.4.410

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Klusemann M, Pyne D, Foster C, Drinkwater E. Optimising technical skills and physical loading in small-sided basketball games. J Sports Sci. 2012;30(14):14631471.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Leite N, Gonçalves B, Saiz P, Sampaio A. Effects of the playing formation and game format on heart rate, rate of perceived exertion, vertical jump, individual and collective performance indicators in youth basketball training. Int SportMed J. 2013;14(3):127138.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Montgomery PG, Pyne DB, Minahan CL. The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2010;5(1):7586. doi:10.1123/ijspp.5.1.75

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Schelling X, Torres L. Accelerometer load profiles for basketball-specific drills in elite players. J Sports Sci Med. 2016;15(4):585591.

  • 23.

    Torres-Ronda L, Ric A, Llabres-Torres I, De Las Heras B, Schelling X. Position-dependent cardiovascular response and time-motion analysis during training drills and friendly matches in elite male basketball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(1):6070.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Vaquera A, Suarez-Iglesias D, Guiu X, Barroso R, Thomas G, Renfree A. Physiological responses to and athlete and coach perceptions of exertion during small-sided basketball games. J Strength Cond Res. 2018;32(10):29492953.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Rosenthal R. Replication in behavioral research. In: JW Neuliep, ed. Handbook of Replication Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences. Select Press; 1990:110.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 264 264 204
Full Text Views 10 10 9
PDF Downloads 8 8 7