An Observational Case Series Measuring the Energy Expenditure of Elite Tennis Players During Competition and Training by Using Doubly Labeled Water

Click name to view affiliation

Daniel G. Ellis Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Lawn Tennis Association, London, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Daniel G. Ellis in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9667-4242 *
,
John Speakman School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by John Speakman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2457-1823
,
Catherine Hambly School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Catherine Hambly in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2947-4539
,
James P. Morton Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by James P. Morton in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2776-2542
,
Graeme L. Close Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Graeme L. Close in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7210-9553
, and
Tim F. Donovan Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Tim F. Donovan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Purpose: An understanding of an athlete’s total daily energy expenditure (TEE) is necessary to inform nutritional strategies, particularly where daily training and competitive demands are highly variable. This observational case series assessed the TEE of elite tennis players during high-level competition. Methods: Senior female singles participants (FS: n = 3; 21 [1] y; ranked  Women’s Tennis Association [WTA] top 125–375), an FS junior (n = 1; 16 y; ranked WTA top 350), and a men’s doubles player (n = 1; 26 y; ranked Association of Tennis Professionals [ATP] top 5) were assessed for TEE (using the doubly labeled water method) during a 9- to 14-day period, which included training, Wimbledon Championships, WTA/ATP International Tournaments, Junior/Senior International Tennis Federation, and Wimbledon Junior Championships. One female (FS3) did not exercise from day 4 following injury. Results: TEE for men’s doubles was 4586 kcal·d−1 (67 kcal·kg−1 fat-free mass [FFM]; daily activity 98 [74] min). Noninjured adult female participants’ TEEs were 3396 and 3948 kcal·d−1 (66 and 81 kcal·kg−1 FFM; daily activity durations were 139 [84] min and 150 [66] min, respectively), while TEE for the injured athlete was 2583 kcal·d−1 (45.7 kcal·kg−1; daily nonexercise activity duration was <45 min). The junior player TEE was 3988 kcal·d−1 (78.2 kcal·kg−1 FFM; daily activity of 131 [66] min). Conclusion: This observational case series positions tennis as a highly energetically demanding sport with variability evident between individuals (ie, TEE between 60 and 90 kcal·kg−1 FFM). Accordingly, nutritional strategies that promote sufficient energy availability should be emphasized with individual variability suitably assessed prior to prescription.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • 1.

    Ellis DG, Speakman J, Hambly C, et al. Energy expenditure of a male and female tennis player during Association of Tennis Professionals/Women’s Tennis Association and grand slam events measured by doubly labeled water. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021;53(12):26282634. PubMed ID: 34310496 doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000002745

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Speakman JR. Doubly Labelled Water: Theory and Practice. 1997; Springer Science & Business Media.

  • 3.

    Cunningham JJ. A reanalysis of the factors influencing basal metabolic rate in normal adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980;33(11):23722374. PubMed ID: 7435418 doi:10.1093/ajcn/33.11.2372

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Thomas DT, Travis K, Erdman A, Burke LM. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: nutrition and athletic performance. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(3):501528. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2015.12.006

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Staal S, Sjödin A, Fahrenholtz I, Bonnesen K, Melin AK. Low RMR ratio as a surrogate marker for energy deficiency, the choice of predictive equation vital for correctly identifying male and female ballet dancers at risk. Int J Sport Nutr Exercise Metab. 2018;28(4):412418. PubMed ID: 29405782 doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0327

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Foster C, Florhaug JA, Franklin J. et al. A new approach to monitoring exercise training. J Strength Cond Res. 2001;15(1):109115. PubMed ID: 11708692

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Speakman JR, Yamada Y, Sagayama H, et al. A standard calculation methodology for human doubly labelled water studies. Cell Rep Med. 2021;2(2):100203. PubMed ID: 33665639 doi:10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100203

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Kovalchik SA, Ingram M. Estimating the duration of professional tennis matches for varying formats. J Quant Anal Sports. 2018;14(1):1323. doi:10.1515/jqas-2017-0077

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Alcock A, Cable NT. A comparison of singles and doubles badminton: heart rate response, player profiles and game characteristics. Int J Perform Anal Sport. 2009;9(2):228237. doi:10.1080/24748668.2009.11868479.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Gentles JA, Coniglio CL, Mahnken MT, Morgan JM, Besemer MM, Macdonald CJ. The demands of a single elimination college tennis tournament. Sport Perform Sci Rep. 2018;1(1):14.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Senatore F, Cannataro R. The energy expenditure in the 5 types of modern tennis players. ITF CSSR. 2019;27(78):3539. doi:10.52383/itfcoaching.v27i78.93

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Logue DM, Madigan SM, Melin A, et al. Low energy availability in athletes 2020: an updated narrative review of prevalence, risk, within-day energy balance, knowledge, and impact on sports performance. Nutrients. 2020;12(3):835. doi:10.3390/nu12030835

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Thomas DT, Erdman KA, Burke LM. American College of Sports Medicine joint position statement. Nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016;48(3):543568. PubMed ID: 26891166 doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000852

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1372 1168 66
Full Text Views 229 215 29
PDF Downloads 135 115 11