Repeated High-Intensity Technique Training and Repeated Sprint Training Elicit Similar Adjustment in Physiological Responses But Divergent Perceptual Responses and Combat-Related Performances in Adolescent Taekwondo Matches

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Ibrahim Ouergui High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Kef, University of Jendouba, Kef, Tunisia
Research Unit: Sports Science, Health and Movement, UR22JS01, University of Jendouba, Kef, Tunisia

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Slaheddine Delleli High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Research Unit: Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis, Tunisia

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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0013-8774
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Hamdi Messaoudi High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Research Unit: Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis, Tunisia

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Craig Alan Bridge Sports Performance Research Group, Edge Hill University, Wilson Centre, Ormskirk, United Kingdom

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Hamdi Chtourou High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Research Unit: Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis, Tunisia

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Emerson Franchini Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo,São Paulo, SP, Brazil

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Luca Paolo Ardigò Department of Teacher Education, NLA University College, Oslo, Norway

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Purpose: This study investigated the effects of 4 weeks of repeated sprint training (RST) versus repeated high-intensity technique training (RTT) on the physiological responses (ie, blood lactate), mean and peak heart rate, rating of perceived exertion, technical–tactical performance, and time–motion variables during simulated taekwondo combats. Methods: Twenty-four taekwondo athletes (18 male and 6 female; age: 16 [1] y) were randomly and equally assigned to RST (10 × 35-m running sprints interspersed by 10-s rest) or RTT (10 × 6-s bandal-tchagui kicking executions interspersed by 10-s rest) groups in addition to their regular training. Both groups performed simulated combats before and after training. Results: Delta lactate and peak heart rate were attenuated following training (P < .001 and P = .03, respectively), with no differences identified between RTT and RST conditions. Rating of perceived exertion decreased after training only in the RTT (P = .002). Time fighting and preparatory activities increased following training (P < .001), with higher values observed following RTT than RST (P < .001). Nonpreparatory time decreased after training (P < .001), with more pronounced reductions observed following RTT when compared to RST (P < .001). The number of single attacks decreased only following RST (P < .001), whereas combined attacks increased only after RTT training (P < .001). Conclusions: Similar adjustments in the physiological responses to combat were observed following 4 weeks of either RST or RTT, but RTT elicited more favorable perceptual responses and combat-related performance. This highlights the importance of specificity of training and its effective transfer to combat.

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