Countermovement-Jump and Pull-Up Performance Before and After a Swimming Race in Preparatory and Competitive Phases of a Swimming Season

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José M. Gonzalez-Rave Sports Training Laboratory, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain

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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5953-4742 *
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Vincenzo Sorgente Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Physiological Sciences Section, Kinesiology and Motor Control Laboratory, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8487-9459
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Aaron Agudo-Ortega Sports Training Laboratory, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain

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Víctor Rodrigo-Carranza Sports Training Laboratory, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain

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Stelios Psycharakis Institute of Sport, Physical Education & Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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Anthony P. Turner Institute of Sport, Physical Education & Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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Purpose: Monitoring performance athletes’ training responses can be efficiently completed at competitive events. This study aimed to explore the changes in swimming, countermovement-jump (CMJ), and pull-up (PU) performance following training across a competitive phase, as well as immediately before and after each race. Methods: Fourteen well-trained male sprint/middle-distance swimmers (height 179 [7] cm, mass 70 [8] kg, age 18 [2] y), from 3 regional training groups, completed CMJ and PU tests before and after the national competitions in October and May, when race performance was also assessed. Results: Swimming race performance was significantly improved from before the national competitions in October to after the national competitions in May (1.8% [3.2%], P = .044, d = 0.60, moderate effect). Although there were no significant changes in PU velocity, CMJ performance significantly improved from before the national competitions in October to after the national competitions in May (mean difference 2.29 cm, P = .004, d = 3.52) and showed before-to-after race decreases (mean difference −1.64 cm, P = .04, d = 2.28). Conclusion: Swimming performance and CMJ performance improved as the season progressed, although these improvements were not directly correlated. PU performance did not appear to be sensitive to training or race-induced fatigue, in contrast to CMJ, in this group of male swimmers.

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