Effect of a Neuromodulation Protocol Associated With Sports Training on the Precision Sports Performance of a Wheelchair Basketball Para-Athlete: A Case Study

Click name to view affiliation

Larissa S. Oliveira Applied Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil

Search for other papers by Larissa S. Oliveira in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8686-2132
,
Gabriel F. Aleixo Applied Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil

Search for other papers by Gabriel F. Aleixo in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1936-4125
,
Gustavo J. Luvizutto Applied Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil

Search for other papers by Gustavo J. Luvizutto in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6914-7225
, and
Daniel F.M. Lobato Applied Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil

Search for other papers by Daniel F.M. Lobato in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2353-8650 *
Restricted access

Objective: To investigate whether transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) optimizes the performance of a wheelchair basketball player on precision tasks. Methods: A right-handed wheelchair basketball player (1.5 points functional class) with myelomeningocele (low lumbar level) participated in this case study. The tDCS neuromodulation protocol was applied throughout 10 interventions of 20 minutes with a current intensity of 2 mA, simultaneously with sport-specific training, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Anodic stimulation was performed on the right cerebellar hemisphere (CB2) and cathodic stimulation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. A control participant was submitted to a sham-tDCS stimulation protocol for the same period. Functional performance was assessed before the intervention and after the 5th and 10th interventions using “pass accuracy,” “free-throw shooting,” and “spot shot” tests. Outcome measures were compared using percentage differences between preintervention, intermediate intervention, and postintervention values. Results: There was a gradual increase in the athlete’s total and average scores in all tests performed, with an overall improvement of 78% between the baseline and final assessments, while the control participant had an overall improvement of 6.5%. Conclusion: The tDCS protocol was effective in improving performance in precision activities in a wheelchair basketball player.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • 1.

    Schwark BN, Mackenzie SJE, Sprigings EJ. Optimizing the release conditions for a free throw in wheelchair basketball. J Appl Biomech. 2004;20(2):153166. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Stagg CJ, Nitsche MA. Physiological basis of transcranial direct current stimulation. Neuroscientist. 2011;17(1):3753. doi:

  • 3.

    Seidel O, Ragert P. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation of primary motor cortex on reaction time and tapping performance: a comparison between athletes and non-athletes. Front Hum Neurosci. 2019;13:103. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Nitsche MA, Paulus W. Excitability changes induced in the human motor cortex by weak transcranial direct current stimulation. J Physiol. 2000;527(3):633639. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Zhu FF, Yeung AY, Poolton JM, Lee TM, Leung GK, Masters RS. Cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation over left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex area promotes implicit motor learning in a golf putting task. Brain Stimul. 2015;8(4):784786. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Kamali AM, Nami M, Yahyavi SS, Saadi ZK, Mohammadi A. Transcranial direct current stimulation to assist experienced pistol shooters in gaining even-better performance scores. Cerebellum. 2019;18(1):119127. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Weightman M, Brittain JS, Punt D, Miall RC, Jenkinson N. Targeted tDCS selectively improves motor adaptation with the proximal and distal upper limb. Brain Stimul. 2020;13(3):707716. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Brunoni AR, Amadera J, Berbel B, Volz MS, Rizzerio BG, Fregni F. A systematic review on reporting and assessment of adverse effects associated with transcranial direct current stimulation. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011;14(8):11331145. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    De Groot S, Balvers IJ, Kouwenhoven SM, Janssen TW. Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball. J Sports Sci. 2012;30(9):879887. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Cantarero G, Spampinato D, Reis J, Ajagbe L, Thompson T, Kulkarni K, Celnik P. Cerebellar direct current stimulation enhances on-line motor skill acquisition through an effect on accuracy. J Neurosci. 2015;35(7):32853290. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Schmitter CV, Straube B. The impact of cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on sensorimotor and inter-sensory temporal recalibration. Front Hum Neurosci. 2022;16:998843. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Rocha K, Marinho V, Magalhães F, et al. Unskilled shooters improve both accuracy and grouping shot having as reference skilled shooters cortical area: an EEG and tDCS study. Physiol Behav. 2020;224:113036. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Okazaki VH, Rodacki AL, Satern MN. A review on the basketball jump shot. Sports Biomech. 2015;14(2):190205. doi:

  • 14.

    Rabipour S, Vidjen PS, Remaud A, Davidson PSR, Tremblay F. Examining the interactions between expectations and tDCS effects on motor and cognitive performance. Front Neurosci. 2019;12:999. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 602 602 79
Full Text Views 10 10 1
PDF Downloads 13 13 2