The Use of Static Stretching in Warm-Up for Training and Competition

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
View More View Less
Restricted access

Static stretching (SS) is widely used in warm-ups before training and competition. A growing amount of research, however, has demonstrated that SS can impair muscle performance, leading to a reevaluation of optimal warm-up protocols. This commentary discusses many of the methodological issues that can influence conclusions about the acute effects of SS on performance. One difficulty in interpreting the literature is the lack of control or communication about the volume and intensity of the various stretching treatments used. Another major issue is the failure of many researchers to evaluate SS as it is used in practice, particularly the interaction with the other general and sport-specific components of the warm-up. Acute warm-up effects on performance should be considered in conjunction with potential effects on injury prevention. Future directions in research include optimizing general and sport-specific warm-ups, time course of physiological and performance effects, and individualization of warm-ups according to fitness and skill level.

The author is with the School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat Victoria 3353 Australia.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 4937 1489 143
Full Text Views 87 29 5
PDF Downloads 90 31 3