Which Jump Variables Should Be Used to Assess Explosive Leg Muscle Function?

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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Purpose:

The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between countermovement jump (CMJ) variables and acceleration and maximum speed performance.

Methods:

Twenty-three elite Australian football players were tested on a CMJ, which yielded several kinematic and kinetic variables describing leg muscle function. A 40 m sprint was also conducted to assess acceleration (10 m time) and an estimate of maximum speed (fying 20 m time). Players from one Australian Football League (AFL) club were tested and Pearson correlations for CMJ variables and sprint performance were calculated.

Results:

Jump height, peak velocity, peak force, and peak power had less than 50% common variance, and therefore represented independent expressions of CMJ performance. Generally, the correlations between CMJ variables and sprinting performance were stronger for maximum speed (small to large effect sizes) than for acceleration (trivial to moderate sizes). The variable that produced the strongest correlation with acceleration was jump height (r = -0.430, P = .041) and with maximum speed was peak power/weight (r = -0.649, P = .001).

Conclusions:

The results indicate that if an integrated system comprising a position transducer and a force platform is available for CMJ assessment, jump height and peak power/weight are useful variables to describe leg muscle explosive function for athletes who perform sprints.

Warren Young is with School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Stuart Cormack is with Essendon Football Club, Essendon, Victoria, Australia. Michael Crichton is with the School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.