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To examine the effects of several matches per day on running performance and cardiovascular stress in referees during a national Rugby Sevens championship.


Seven referees, who refereed 3 matches/day, were monitored by GPS during 21 matches.


Referees’ movement patterns were relatively stable from the 1st to the 2nd match, although a substantial decrease was observed in the 2nd match for maximal and average sprint distance. A substantial decrease in the number of sprints, maximal speed, walking, distance covered at medium intensity, total and >14 km/h distance covered per minute was observed in the 3rd match in comparison with the 2nd. Compared with the 1st match, in the 3rd game referees showed a substantial decrease in maximal and average sprint distance, total walking at medium intensity, distance covered >14 km/h, and high-intensity running distance. Referees exhibited a substantial decrease in average heart rate (HR), percentage of time at >70%HRmax, and percentage of time at >90%HRmax in the 2nd match compared with the 1st. Referees’ HR responses were relatively stable from the 2nd to the 3rd match except for the HR zones of 71–80%HRmax and 81–90%HRmax and performance-efficiency index (Effindex). Substantial differences were observed in the 3rd match compared with the 1st in average HR, 81–90%HRmax, >90%HRmax, and Effindex.


This study provides evidence of reduced overall running performance and pronounced reduction in high-intensity running performance during the last match in Rugby Sevens referees refereeing 3 matches in the same day.

Suarez-Arrones, Núñez, and Munguía-Izquierdo are with the Faculty of Sport Sciences, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain. Portillo is with the Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Castilla La Mancha, Toledo, Spain. Mendez-Villanueva is with the Physiology Unit, ASPIRE, Academy for Sports Excellence, Doha, Qatar.