Warm-Up With Dynamic Stretching: Positive Effects on Match-Measured Change of Direction Performance in Young Elite Volleyball Players

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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Purpose: To explore the immediate (15-s post-warm-up) and the delayed (after 20 and 40 min of simulated volleyball play) effects of 2 different warm-up protocols—a stretching-free volleyball warm-up (NS) and a warm-up incorporating dynamic stretching (DS)—on subsequent change of direction (COD) performance in young elite volleyball players. Methods: Sixteen male players (age 16.88 [0.34] y, body mass 75.81 [5.41] kg, body height 1.91 [0.05] m, body mass index 20.84 [1.79] kg·m−2, and body fat percentage 9.48 [1.83]%) from the U-17 national volleyball team performed NS and DS on 2 different nonconsecutive days. During each testing session (NS and DS), half T-test performance measurements were performed after 5 minutes of a general warm-up (ie, baseline), immediately post-warm-up (after 15 s), and after 20 and 40 minutes of simulated volleyball play. Results: For DS, a significant improvement in COD performance (2.08%, P < .001) was observed after 20 minutes of play compared with the baseline values. In addition, COD performance recorded after 40 minutes of play was better than after 15-second post-warm-up (5.85%, P = .001). Inferential statistics showed better COD performance in the DS condition after 20 minutes of play (2.32%, likely negative, d = 0.61). Conclusions: Compared with NS, DS tended to affect the pattern of improvement of COD performance during play by intensifying and accelerating it. Consequently, to enhance COD performance for up to 40 minutes into the game, it is recommended that DS be incorporated to the warm-up preceding the match.

Turki and Khalifa are with the Higher Inst of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Tunis, Tunisia. Dhahbi is with Sport Science Program, the College of Arts and Sciences, University of Qatar, Doha, Qatar. Padulo is with the Dept of of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy; and Sport Performance Laboratory, University of Split, Split, Croatia. Padulo and Milić are with the Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia. Ridène is with Research Unit, Sportive Performance and Physical Rehabilitation, the High Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Kef, University of Jendouba, Kef, Tunisia. Alamri is with Training Dept, Qatar Police College, Doha, Qatar. Gueid is the Laboratory of Physiology of Exercise and Physiopathology: from the integrated to the molecular “Biology, Medicine and Health,” the Faculty of Medicine Ibn Jazar Sousse, University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia. Chamari is with Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Padulo (sportcinetic@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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