Purpose: To identify the bar velocities that optimize power output in the barbell hip thrust exercise. Methods: A total of 40 athletes from 2 sports disciplines (30 track-and-field sprinters and jumpers and 10 rugby union players) participated in this study. Maximum bar-power outputs and their respective bar velocities were assessed in the barbell hip thrust exercise. Athletes were divided, using a median split analysis, into 2 groups according to their bar-power outputs in the barbell hip thrust exercise (“higher” and “lower” power groups). The magnitude-based inferences method was used to analyze the differences between groups in the power and velocity outcomes. To assess the precision of the bar velocities for determining the maximum power values, the coefficient of variation (CV%) was also calculated. Results: Athletes achieved the maximum power outputs at a mean velocity, mean propulsive velocity, and peak velocity of 0.92 (0.04) m·s−1 (CV: 4.1%), 1.02 (0.05) m·s−1 (CV: 4.4%), and 1.72 (0.14) m·s−1 (CV: 8.4%), respectively. No meaningful differences were observed in the optimum bar velocities between higher and lower power groups. Conclusions: Independent of the athletes’ power output and bar-velocity variable, the optimum power loads frequently occur at very close bar velocities.
Loturco, Kobal, and Pereira are with the NAR—Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo, Brazil. Loturco is also with the Department of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazi; and with the University of South Wales, Pontypridd, Wales, United Kingdom. Suchomel is with the Dept. of Human Movement Sciences, Carroll University, Waukesha, WI, USA. Bishop is with the Faculty of Science and Technology, London Sports Inst., Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom. McGuigan is with the Sports Performance Research Inst. New Zealand (SPRINZ), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand and with the School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.
Contreras B, Vigotsky AD, Schoenfeld BJ, et al. Effects of a six-week hip thrust vs front squat resistance training program on performance in adolescent males: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:999–1008. PubMed ID: 27253835 doi:
ContrerasB, VigotskyAD, SchoenfeldBJ, et al. Effects of a six-week hip thrust vs front squat resistance training program on performance in adolescent males: a randomized controlled trial. . 2017;31:999–1008. PubMed ID: 27253835 doi:10.1519/JSC.000000000000151027253835)| false
MorinJB, EdouardP, SamozinoP. Technical ability of force application as a determinant factor of sprint performance. . 2011;43:1680–1688. PubMed ID: 21364480 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e318216ea3721364480)| false
Dello IaconoA, PaduloJ, SeitzLD. Loaded hip thrust-based PAP protocol effects on acceleration and sprint performance of handball players. . 2018;36:1269–1276. PubMed ID: 28873044 doi:10.1080/02640414.2017.1374657)| false
Dello Iacono A, Seitz LB. Hip thrust-based PAP effects on sprint performance of soccer players: heavy-loaded versus optimum-power development protocols. J Sports Sci. 2018;36:2375–82. PubMed ID: 29595081
Dello IaconoA, SeitzLB. Hip thrust-based PAP effects on sprint performance of soccer players: heavy-loaded versus optimum-power development protocols. . 2018;36:2375–82. PubMed ID: 2959508110.1080/02640414.2017.1374657)| false
Freitas TT, Calleja-Gonzalez J, Carlos-Vivas J, Marin-Cascales E, Alcaraz PE. Short-term optimal load training vs a modified complex training in semi-professional basketball players. J Sports Sci. 2019;37:434–442. doi:
FreitasTT, Calleja-GonzalezJ, Carlos-VivasJ, Marin-CascalesE, AlcarazPE. Short-term optimal load training vs a modified complex training in semi-professional basketball players. . 2019;37:434–442. doi:10.1080/02640414.2018.1504618)| false
LoturcoI, NakamuraFY, TricoliV, et al. Determining the optimum power load in jump squats using the mean propulsive velocity. . 2015;10:e0140102. PubMed ID: 26444293 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140102)| false
LoturcoI, PereiraLA, AbadCC, et al. Bar velocities capable of optimising the muscle power in strength-power exercises. . 2017;35:734–741. PubMed ID: 27210829 doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.118681327210829)| false
Loturco I, Suchomel T, Bishop C, Kobal R, Pereira LA, McGuigan M. One-repetition-maximum measures or maximum bar-power output: which is more related to sport performance? Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2019;14:33–37. doi:
LoturcoI, SuchomelT, BishopC, KobalR, PereiraLA, McGuiganM. One-repetition-maximum measures or maximum bar-power output: which is more related to sport performance? . 2019;14:33–37. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2018-0255)| false
McBride JM, Triplett-McBride T, Davie A, Newton RU. The effect of heavy- vs light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. J Strength Cond Res. 2002;16:75–82. PubMed ID: 11834109
Bishop C, Cassone N, Jarvis P, Turner A, Chavda S, Edwards M. Heavy barbell hip thrusts do not effect sprint performance: an 8-week randomized-controlled study. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33(suppl 1):S78–S84.
BishopC, CassoneN, JarvisP, TurnerA, ChavdaS, EdwardsM. Heavy barbell hip thrusts do not effect sprint performance: an 8-week randomized-controlled study. . 2019;33(suppl 1):S78–S84.10.1519/JSC.000000000000214628746243)| false