Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $107.00

1 year subscription

USD $142.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $203.00

2 year subscription

USD $265.00

Purpose: To examine the effects of a 6-month whole-body vibration (WBV) training on lower-body strength (LBS), lower-body power (LBP), and swimming performance in adolescent trained swimmers. Methods: Thirty-seven swimmers (23 males and 14 females; 14.8 [1.3] y) were randomly assigned to the WBV (n = 20) or the control group (n = 17). Isometric LBS (knee extension and half squat) and LBP (vertical and horizontal jumps and 30-m sprint) tests were performed before and after the intervention period. Swimming performance times in 100 m were collected from official competitions. As time × sex interaction was not found for any variable (P > .05), males and females were analyzed as a whole. Results: Within-group analyses showed a most likely beneficial moderate effect of WBV on isometric knee extension (effect size [ES] = 0.63), 30-m sprint test (ES = 0.62), and 100-m performance (ES = 0.25), although these were corresponded with comparable small to moderate effects in the control group (ES = 0.73, 0.71, and 0.20, respectively). The control group obtained a small possibly beneficial effect of swimming-only training on vertical jump performance, whereas no effect was observed in the WBV group. Unclear effects were observed for the rest of the variables assessed. Between-group analyses revealed unclear effects of WBV training when compared with the control condition in all studied variables. Conclusions: There is no current evidence to support the use of WBV training, and therefore, coaches and sports specialists should select other methods of training when the aim is to increase LBS, LBP, or swimming performance.

Muniz-Pardos, Gómez-Bruton, Matute-Llorente, González-Agüero, Gómez-Cabello, Casajús, and Vicente-Rodríguez are with GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain. Gómez-Bruton, Matute-Llorente, González-Agüero, Gómez-Cabello, Casajús, and Vicente-Rodríguez are also with the Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Madrid, Spain; and Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), CITA-Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. Gómez-Bruton, Matute-Llorente, González-Agüero, Gómez-Cabello, and Vicente-Rodríguez are also with the Dept of Physiatry and Nursing, Faculty of Health and Sports Science (FCSD), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain. Gómez-Cabello is also with the Centro Universitario de la Defensa, Zaragoza, Spain. Casajús is also with the Faculty of Health Sciences (FCS), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Vicente-Rodriguez (gervicen@unizar.es) is corresponding author.
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Article Sections
References
  • 1.

    Manimmanakorn NHamlin MJRoss JJManimmanakorn A. Long-term effect of whole body vibration training on jump height: meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(6):17391750. PubMed ID: 24276295 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Cardinale MBosco C. The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2003;31(1):37. PubMed ID: 12562163 doi:

  • 3.

    Helmkamp JCTalbott EOMarsh GM. Whole body vibration—a critical review. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1984;45(3):162167. PubMed ID: 6326560 doi:

  • 4.

    Conway GESzalma JLHancock PA. A quantitative meta-analytic examination of whole-body vibration effects on human performance. Ergonomics. 2007;50(2):228245. PubMed ID: 17419156 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Bosco CColli RIntroini Eet al. Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure. Clin Physiol. 1999;19(2):183187. PubMed ID: 10200901 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Bosco CIacovelli MTsarpela Oet al. Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000;81(6):449454. PubMed ID: 10774867 doi:

  • 7.

    Torvinen SKannu PSievänen Het al. Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2002;22(2):145152. PubMed ID: 12005157 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Issurin VTenenbaum G. Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes. J Sport Sci. 1999;17(3):177182. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Swaine IL. Arm and leg power output in swimmers during simulated swimming. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2000;32(7):12881292. doi:

  • 10.

    West DJOwen NJCunningham DJCook CJKilduff LP. Strength and power predictors of swimming starts in international sprint swimmers. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(4):950955. PubMed ID: 20664366 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Beretić IĐurovic MOkičić TDopsaj M. Relations between lower body isometric muscle force characteristics and start performance in elite male sprint swimmers. J Sports Sci Med. 2013;12(4):639645.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Muniz-Pardos BGomez-Bruton AMatute-Llorente Aet al. Non-specific resistance training and swimming performance: strength or power? A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res. 2019; In Press.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Lyttle ABenjanuvatra N. Start right? A biomechanical review of dive start performance. http://www.coachesinfo.com/category/swimming/321/

    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Delecluse CRoelants MVerschueren S. Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2003;35(6):10331041. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Torvinen SKannus PSievänen Het al. Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2002;34(9):15231528. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Hortobagyi TLesinski MFernandez-Del-Olmo MGranacher U. Small and inconsistent effects of whole body vibration on athletic performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2015;115(8):16051625. PubMed ID: 26037127 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Izquierdo MHakkinen KGonzalez-Badillo JJIbanez JGorostiaga EM. Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sports. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2002;87(3):264271. PubMed ID: 12111288 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Gomez-Bruton AGonzalez-Aguero ACasajus JAVicente-Rodriguez G. Swimming training repercussion on metabolic and structural bone development; benefits of the incorporation of whole body vibration or pilometric training; the RENACIMIENTO project. Nutr Hosp. 2014;30(2):399409. PubMed ID: 25208796

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Tanner JMWhitehouse RHTakaishi M. Standards from birth to maturity for height, weight, height velocity, and weight velocity: British children, 1965. II. Arch Dis Child. 1966;41(220):613635. PubMed ID: 5927918 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Chelly SMDenis C. Leg power and hopping stiffness: relationship with sprint running performance. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2001;33(2):326333. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Ferragut-Fiol CCortadellas JArteaga RCalbet J. Predicción de la altura de salto vertical. Importancia del impulso mecánico y de la masa muscular de las extremidades inferiores. Eur J Hum Mov. 2003;10:722.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    FINA Points. fina.org – Official FINA website. Available from http://www.fina.org/content/fina-points

  • 23.

    Hopkins WGMarshall SWBatterham AMHanin J. Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2009;41(1):313. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Wang H-HChen W-HLiu CYang W-WHuang M-YShiang T-Y. Whole-body vibration combined with extra-load training for enhancing the strength and speed of track and field athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(9):24702477. PubMed ID: 24662223 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Gómez-Bruton AGonzález-Agüero AMatute-Llorente Aet al. Effects of whole body vibration on tibia strength and structure of competitive adolescent swimmers: a randomized controlled trial. PM&R. 2018;10(9):889897. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Fort ARomero DBagur CGuerra M. Effects of whole-body vibration training on explosive strength and postural control in young female athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(4):926936. PubMed ID: 22446665 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Suarez-Arrones LTous-Fajardo JNúñez JGonzalo-Skok OGálvez JMendez-Villanueva A. Concurrent repeated-sprint and resistance training with superimposed vibrations in rugby players. Int J Sport Physiol Perform. 2014;9(4):667673. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Cheng C-FCheng K-HLee Y-MHuang H-WKuo Y-HLee H-J. Improvement in running economy after 8 weeks of whole-body vibration training. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(12):33493357. PubMed ID: 22344045 doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Delecluse CRoelants MDiels RKoninckx EVerschueren S. Effects of whole body vibration training on muscle strength and sprint performance in sprint-trained athletes. Int J Sport Med. 2005;26(8):662668. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Cardinale MWakeling J. Whole body vibration exercise: are vibrations good for you? Br J Sport Med. 2005;39(9):585589. doi:

  • 31.

    Savelberg HHKeizer HAMeijer K. Whole-body vibration induced adaptation in knee extensors; consequences of initial strength, vibration frequency, and joint angle. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(2):589. PubMed ID: 17530984

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Oliveira MPMenzel HKCochrane DJet al. Individual responses to different vibration frequencies identified by electromyography and dynamometry in different types of vibration application [published online ahead of print March 04 2019]. J Strength Cond Res. doi:

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33.

    Osawa YOguma Y. Effects of resistance training with whole-body vibration on muscle fitness in untrained adults. Scand J Med Sci Sport. 2013;23(1):8495. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 301 301 181
Full Text Views 7 7 3
PDF Downloads 3 3 1
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar