The Effects of Endurance-Based Skills-Specific Running Loads on Same-Day Resistance-Training Performance in Professional Australian Rules Football Players

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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Little is known about the effect of preceding endurance-exercise bouts on subsequent resistance-training (RT) performance in team-sport players. Purpose: To examine the effect of prior skills/endurance training and different recovery time periods on subsequent same-day RT performance in professional Australian football players. Methods: Sport-specific endurance-running loads (duration [in minutes], total distance [in meters], mean speed [in meters per minute], high-speed running >15 km·h−1, and relative high-speed running [>75% and >85% of maximal velocity]) were obtained for 46 professional Australian football players for each training session across an entire competitive season. RT was prescribed in 3 weekly mesocycles with tonnage (in kilograms) lifted recorded as RT performance. Endurance and RT sessions were interspersed by different recovery durations: ∼20 min and 1, 2, and 3 h. Fixed- and mixed-effect linear models assessed the influence of skills/endurance-running loads on RT performance. Models also accounted for season period (preseason vs in-season) and recovery duration between concurrent training bouts. Results: An increase in high-speed running and distance covered >75% and >85% of maximal velocity had the greatest reductions on RT performance. In-season total distance covered displayed greater negative effects on subsequent RT performance compared with preseason, while ∼20-min recovery between skills/endurance and RT was associated with greater reductions in RT performance, compared with 1-, 2-, and 3-h recovery. Conclusions: Sport-specific endurance-running loads negatively affect subsequent same-day RT performance, and this effect is greater in-season and with shorter recovery durations between bouts.

The authors are with the Bond Inst of Health and Sport, Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia. Ritchie and O’Connor are also with Gold Coast Suns FC, Metricon Stadium, Carrara, QLD, Australia. Keogh is also with Sports Performance Research Centre New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand, and Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Bartlett is also with the Inst for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Ritchie (Dean.Ritchie@GoldCoastFC.com.au) is corresponding author.
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