Effects of Caffeine on Performance During High- and Long-Jump Competitions

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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Purpose: To investigate the effects of caffeine (CAF) on performance during high- and long-jump competitions. Methods: Using a crossover and double-blind design, 6 well-trained high jumpers and 6 well-trained long jumpers performed a simulation of a high- and long-jump competition 60 minutes after ingesting a capsule containing either 5 mg·kg−1 body mass of anhydrous CAF or a placebo. The high jumps were video recorded for kinematic analysis. The velocity during the approach run of the long jump was also monitored using photocells. Results: CAF improved jump performance (ie, the highest bar height overlap increased by 5.1% [2.3%], P = .008), as well as enhancing the height displacement of the central body mass (+1.3% [1.7%], P = .004) compared with the placebo. CAF had no ergogenic effect on jump distance (P = .722); however, CAF increased the velocity during the last 10 m of the long jump (P = .019), and the percentage of “foul jumps” was higher than that expected by chance in the CAF group (80.5% [12.5%], χ2 = 13.44, P < .001) but not in the cellulose condition (58.3% [22.9%], χ2 = 1.48, P = .224). Conclusion: CAF ingestion (5 mg·kg−1 body mass) improves high-jump performance but seems to negatively influence technical aspects during the approach run of the long jump, resulting in no improvement in long-jump performance. Thus, CAF can be useful for jumpers, but the specificity of the jump competition must be taken into account.

Santos-Mariano, Tomazini, and Lima-Silva are with the Human Performance Research Group, Dept of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, Brazil. Santos-Mariano, Tomazini, Rodacki, and Lima-Silva are with the Human Performance Research Group, Academic Dept of Physical Education, Federal University of Technology—Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba, Brazil. Bertuzzi is with Endurance Performance Research (GEDAE-USP), School of Sport and Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. De-Oliveira is with the Center for Studies of Human Movement, Dept of Physical Education, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Brazil.

Lima-Silva (aesilva@utfpr.edu.br) is corresponding author.
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