The “Face” of Coach Development: A Systematic Review of the Role of the Coach Developer

Click name to view affiliation

Timothy Jones Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Timothy Jones in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0210-0251 *
,
Justine Allen Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Justine Allen in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9918-9330
, and
Stephen Macdonald Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom

Search for other papers by Stephen Macdonald in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the peer-reviewed literature on the role of the coach developer (CD). Three questions guided this review: (a) who is the CD, (b) what do they do, and (c) how do they do it? Using five electronic databases—SPORTDiscus, ERIC, PsycInfo, Web of Science, and Scopus—a total of 595 articles were initially found with 42 identified as appropriate for inclusion following PRISMA guidelines. A further 11 were added, via the screening of reference lists and during the process of writing, to total 53 articles. Data analysis comprised of content analysis to describe and identify gaps in the research, and reflexive thematic analysis to facilitate the analysis of the findings from the included studies. Content analysis findings show an increase in researching this role and a breadth of methodology and theoretical frameworks being employed. Utilising reflexive thematic analysis, seven themes were generated to understand the who, what, and how of the CD. Findings suggest a diverse and contextualised appreciation of the various roles the CD undertakes as encompassed by the International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE) umbrella term definition. The discussion reveals the complexity of the role as CDs navigate who they are, what they do, and how they do it. Recommendations are made for future research to mediate knowledge gaps and move towards alignment and understanding of this key figure.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • Abraham, A. (2016). Task analysis of coach developers: Applications to the FA youth coach educator role. In W. Allison, A. Abraham, & A. Cale (Eds.), Advances in coach education and development (pp. 7385). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Abraham, A., Collins, D., Morgan, G., & Muir, B. (2009). Developing expert coaches requires expert coach development: Replacing serendipity with orchestration. In A. Lorenzo, S.J. Ibáñez, & E. Ortega, (Eds.),  Aportaciones Teoricas y Practicas Para el Baloncesto del Futuro (pp. 130).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Abraham, A., Morgan, G., North, J., Muir, B., Duffy, P., Allison, W., Cale, A., & Hodgson, R. (2013). Task analysis of coach developers: Applications to the FA youth coach educator role. In H. Chaudet, L. Pellegrin, & N. Bonnardel (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013). Arpege Science Publishing. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307980388_Task_Analysis_of_Coach_Developers_Applications_to_The_FA_Youth_Coach_Educator_Role

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Adom, D., Hussein, E.K., & Agyem, J.A. (2018). Theoretical and conceptual framework: Mandatory ingredients of quality research. International Journal of Scientific Research, 7(1), 438441. https://doi.org/10.36106/ijsr

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allan, V., Vierimaa, M., Gainforth, H.L., & Côté, J. (2018). The use of behaviour change theories and techniques in research-informed coach development programmes: A systematic review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(1), 4769. https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2017.1286514

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allanson, A., Potrac, P., & Nelson, L. (2021). The career experiences of football association coach educators: Lessons in micropolitical literacy and action. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 13(2), 360374. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2019.1690563

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allen, J., & Muir, B. (2021). Coaching. High performance athletes. In R. Resende & A.R. Gomes (Eds.), Coaching for human development and performance in sports (pp. 169198). Springer Nature.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anney, V.N. (2014). Ensuring the quality of the findings of qualitative research: Looking at trustworthiness criteria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Neducational Research and Policy Studies, 5(2), 272281.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Argyris, C., & Schon, D.A. (1974). Theory in practice: Increasing professional effectiveness. Jossey-Bass.

  • Aromataris, E., & Pearson, A. (2014). The systematic review: An overview. The American Journal of Nursing, 114(3), 5358. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000444496.24228.2c

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bailey, J., Jones, R., & Allison, W. (2019). Sports coaches’ mentorship: Experience and a suggested future framework. European Journal of Human Movement, 43, 6785. https://doi.org/10.21135/eurjhm.2019.43.501

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Banwell, J., Stirling, A., & Kerr, G. (2019). Towards a process for advancing women in coaching through mentorship. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 14(6), 703713. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119883108

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bennie, A., Apoifis, N., Caron, J., Falcão, W., Marlin, D., Bengoechea, E.G., ... George, E. (2017). A guide to conducting systematic reviews of coaching science research. International Sport Coaching Journal, 4(2), 191205. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2017-0025

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bernstein, B. (2000). Pedagogy, symbolic control, and identity. Rowman and Littlefield.

  • Blumberg, P. (2008). Developing learner-centered teaching: A practical guide for faculty. Jossey-Bass.

  • Brasil, V.Z., Ramos, V., Milistetd, M., Culver, D.M., & Nascimento, J.V. (2018). The learning pathways of Brazilian surf coach developers. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(3), 349361. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117739717

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2019). Reflecting on reflexive thematic analysis. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(4), 589597. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2019.1628806

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2021). One size fits all? What counts as quality practice in (reflexive) thematic analysis? Qualitative Research in Psychology, 18(3), 328352. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2020.1769238

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., Clarke, V., Terry, G., & Hayfield, N. (2018). Thematic analysis. In P. Liamputtong (Ed.), Handbook of research methods in health and social sciences (pp. 843860). Springer.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Weate, P. (2016). Using thematic analysis in sport and exercise research. In B. Smith & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise. Taylor & Francis (Routledge). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315762012.ch15

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Callary, B., & Gearity, B. (2019a). Coach developer special issue: Global perspectives in coach education for the coach developer. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 261262. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0067

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Callary, B., & Gearity, B. (2019b). Voices from the field: Q&A with coach developers around the world. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 366369. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0070

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Callary, B., Gearity, B., & Kuklick, C. (2021). Coach developers’ confessional tale of an online professional development course for Masters Fitness Coaches. Sports Coaching Review, 10(3), 348369. https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2021.1897246

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Campbell, S.M., Fallaize, A., & Schempp, P. (2020). Most valued experiences in an international coach developer training programme. International Sport Coaching Journal, 8(1), 130135. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0063

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cassidy, T., Kidman, L., & Dudfield, O. (2015). Insights into the process of creating a coach development programme: The opportunities and challenges of ethnodrama. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 7(5), 589605. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2015.1012545

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chapman, R., Richardson, D., Cope, E., & Cronin, C. (2020). Learning from the past; a Freirean analysis of FA coach education since 1967. Sport, Education and Society, 25(6), 681697. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2019.1654989

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ciampolini, V., Camiré, M., Salles, W., Nascimento, J.V., & Milistetd, M. (2021). Researcher, coach developer, and coaches’ perspectives on learner-centered teaching in a rugby coach education program. International Sport Coaching Journal, 9(1), 2029. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2020-0100

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ciampolini, V., Milistetd, M., Rynne, S.B., Brasil, V.Z., & Nascimento, J.V. (2019). Research review on coaches’ perceptions regarding the teaching strategies experienced in coach education programs. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 14(2), 216228. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119833597

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ciampolini, V., Tozetto, A.V., Milan, F.J., Camiré, M., & Milistetd, M. (2020). Lifelong learning pathway of a coach developer operating in a national sport federation. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 15(3), 428438. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954120912384

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CIMSPA. (2021, March). Coach developer (Professional Standard). http://www.cimspa.co.uk/standards-home/professional-standards-library

  • Cope, E., Partington, M., & Harvey, S. (2017). A review of the use of a systematic observation method in coaching research between 1997 and 2016. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(20), 20422050. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1252463

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Corsby, C.L., Lane, A.P., & Spencer, D.R. (2020). Becoming a mentor: An exploration of ‘how’ student-coaches negotiate mentoring practice. Sport, Education and Society, 27(4), 503515. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2020.1866525

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crisp, P. (2018). Sports coach mentoring–impacts on the mentors, not the ‘mentees’. A case study of the active Sussex coach support officers scheme. The Sport Journal, 19, 116.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cronin, C.J., & Lowes, J. (2016). Embedding experiential learning in HE sport coaching courses: An action research study. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 18, 18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2016.02.001

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Culver, D.M., Werthner, P., & Trudel, P. (2019). Coach developers as ‘facilitators of learning’ in a large-scale coach education programme: One actor in a complex system. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 296306. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0081

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cushion, C.J., Griffiths, M., & Armour, K. (2019). Professional coach educators in-situ: A social analysis of practice. Sport, Education and Society, 24(5), 533546. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2017.1411795

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cushion, C.J., & Nelson, L. (2013). Coach education and learning: Developing the field. In P. Potrac, W. Gilbert, & J. Denison (Eds.), Routledgehandbook of sports coaching (pp. 359374). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cushion, C.J., Stodter, A., & Clarke, N.J. (2021). ‘It’s an experiential thing’: The discursive construction of learning in high-performance coach education. Sport, Education and Society, 27(7), 844861. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2021.1924143

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dempsey, N., Cope, E., Richardson, D.J., Littlewood, M.A., & Cronin, C.J. (2021). Less may be more: How do coach developers reproduce “learner-centred” policy in practice? Sports Coaching Review, 10(2), 203224. https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2020.1866851

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dempsey, N.M., Richardson, D.J., Cope, E., & Cronin, C.J. (2020). Creating and disseminating coach education policy: A case of formal coach education in grassroots football. Sport, Education and Society, 26(8), 917930. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2020.1802711

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dohme, L.-C., Rankin-Wright, A.J., & Lara-Bercial, S. (2019). Beyond knowledge transfer: The role of coach developers as motivators for lifelong learning. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 317328. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0034

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Downham, L., & Cushion, C. (2020). Reflection in a high-performance sport coach education program: A Foucauldian analysis of coach developers. International Sport Coaching Journal, 7(3), 347359. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0093

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dray, K., & Howells, K. (2019). Exploring the use of e-portfolios in higher education coaching programs. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 359365. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0082

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Edwards, J., Culver, D., Leadbetter, R., Kloos, K., & Potwarka, L. (2020). “One Piece of a Big Puzzle”: Understanding the roles of coach developers through interorganizational relationships in Canada’s coach education system. International Sport Coaching Journal, 7(1), 102108. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0014

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Evans, M.B., McGuckin, M., Gainforth, H.L., Bruner, M.W., & Côté, J. (2015). Coach development programmes to improve interpersonal coach behaviours: A systematic review using the re-aim framework. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 871877. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094634

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Galatti, L.R., dos Santos, Y.Y.S., & Korsakas, P. (2019). A coach developers’ narrative on scaffolding a learner-centred coaching course in Brazil. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 339348. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0084

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Garner, P., Turnnidge, J., Roberts, W., & Côté, J. (2020). How coach educators deliver formal coach education: A full range leadership perspective. International Sport Coaching Journal, 8(1), 2333. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2019-0074

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Griffiths, M.A., & Armour, K.M. (2012). Mentoring as a formalized learning strategy with community sports volunteers. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 20(1), 151173. https://doi.org/10.1080/13611267.2012.645605

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Griffiths, M.A., Armour, K.M., & Cushion, C.J. (2018). ‘Trying to get our message across’: Successes and challenges in an evidence-based professional development programme for sport coaches. Sport, Education and Society, 23(3), 283295. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2016.1182014

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hong, Q.N., Fàbregues, S., Bartlett, G., Boardman, F., Cargo, M., Dagenais, P., ... O’Cathain, A. (2018). The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) version 2018 for information professionals and researchers. Education for Information, 34(4), 285291. https://doi.org/10.3233/EFI-180221

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hong, Q.N., Pluye, P., Fàbregues, S., Bartlett, G., Boardman, F., Cargo, M., ... Nicolau, B. (2019). Improving the content validity of the mixed methods appraisal tool: A modified e-Delphi study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 111, 4959. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.03.008

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horgan, P., & Daly, P. (2015). The role of the coach developer in supporting and guiding coach learning: A commentary. International Sport Coaching Journal, 2(3), 354356. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2015-0077

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hussain, A., Trudel, P., Patrick, T., & Rossi, A. (2012). Reflections on a novel coach education program: A narrative analysis. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7(2), 227240. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.7.2.227

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Council for Coaching Excellence. (2014). International coach developer framework (Version 1.1). http://www.icce.ws/_assets/filed/documents/PC_ICDF_Booklet_Amended%20SSept%2014.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ison, R. (2008). Methodological challenges of trans-disciplinary research: Some systematic reflections. Natures Sciences Sociétés, 16(3), 241251. https://doi.org/10.1051/nss:2008052

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jarvis, P. (2006). Towards a comprehensive theory of human learning (Vol. 1). Routledge.

  • Ji, X., Xu, J., Cheng, L., Sun, J., & Zhang, X. (2021). A Chinese perspective on the actual and preferred sources of coaching knowledge. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 16(5), 10861096. https://doi.org/10.1177/17479541211018769

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kivunja, C. (2018). Distinguishing between theory, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework: A systematic review of lessons from the field. International Journal of Higher Educaiton, 7(6), 4453. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v7n6p44

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kloos, K., & Edwards, J. (2021). Understanding the perceptions of master coach developers in the national coaching certification program. International Sport Coaching Journal, 9(3), 281291. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2021-0016

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Koh, K.T., Ho, X.Y., & Koh, Y. (2017). The developmental experiences of basketball mentor coaches. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 12(4), 520531. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117718048

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kolić, P.V., Groom, R., Nelson, L., & Taylor, W.G. (2020). (Dis)joint(ed) action, reciprocity, and professional status: An ethnographic investigation of two UKCC CL4 awards. Sport, Education and Society, 25(9), 10431057. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2019.1687443

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kraft, E., Culver, D.M., & Din, C. (2020). Exploring a women-only training program for coach developers. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 28(2), 173179. https://doi.org/10.1123/wspaj.2019-0047

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kram, K.E. (1988). Mentoring at work: Developmental relationships in organizational life. University Press of America.

  • Langan, E., Blake, C., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). Systematic review of the effectiveness of interpersonal coach education interventions on athlete outcomes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(1), 3749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.06.007

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Langseth, T. (2012). Liquid ice surfers—The construction of surfer identities in Norway. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 12(1), 323. https://doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2011.599987

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lara-Bercial, S., & Mallett, C.J. (2016). The practices and developmental pathways of professional and Olympic serial winning coaches. International Sport Coaching Journal, 3(3), 221239. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2016-0083

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leeder, T., & Cushion, C. (2020). The reproduction of ‘coaching culture’: A Bourdieusian analysis of a formalised coach mentoring programme. Sports Coaching Review, 9(3), 273295. https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2019.1657681

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leeder, T.M., Russell, K., & Beaumont, L.C. (2019). “Learning the hard way”: Understanding the workplace learning of sports coach mentors. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 263273. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0069

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lefebvre, J.S., Evans, M.B., Turnnidge, J., Gainforth, H.L., & Côté, J. (2016). Describing and classifying coach development programmes: A synthesis of empirical research and applied practice. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 11(6), 887899. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954116676116

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lewis, C.J., Roberts, S.J., & Andrews, H. (2018). ‘Why am I putting myself through this?’Women football coaches’ experiences of the Football Association’s coach education process. Sport, Education and Society, 23(1), 2839. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2015.1118030

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Luguetti, C., Kirk, D., & Oliver, K.L. (2019). Towards a pedagogy of love: Exploring pre-service teachers’ and youth’s experiences of an activist sport pedagogical model. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 24(6), 629646. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2019.1663499

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mallett, C.J., Rynne, S.B., & Billett, S. (2016). Valued learning experiences of early career and experienced high-performance coaches. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 21(1), 89104. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2014.892062

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martin, E.M., Moorcroft, S.J., & Johnson, T.G. (2019). Backwards design and program level approaches to coach development in higher education. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 329338. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0071

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mays, N., Pope, C., & Popay, J. (2005). Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy-making in the health field. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 10(1 Suppl. 1), S6S20. https://doi.org/10.1258/1355819054308576

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McQuade, S., & Nash, C. (2015). The role of the coach developer in supporting and guiding coach learning. International Sport Coaching Journal, 2(3), 339346. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2015-0059

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mesquita, I., Coutinho, P., De Martin-Silva, L., Parente, B., Faria, M., & Afonso, J. (2015). The value of indirect teaching strategies in enhancing student-coaches’ learning engagement. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 14(3), 657668.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mikkonen, K., & Kääriäinen, M. (2020). The application of content analysis in nursing science research. In H. Kyngäs, K. Mikkonen, & M. Kääriäinen (Eds.), Content analysis in systematic reviews (pp. 105115). Springer.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Milistetd, M., Peniza, L., Trudel, P., & Paquette, K. (2018). Nurturing high-performance sport coaches’ learning and development using a narrative-collaborative coaching approach. LASE Journal of Sport Science, 9(1), 638. https://doi.org/10.2478/ljss-2018-0001

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Milistetd, M., Salles, W.D.N., Backes, A.G., Mesquita, I., & Nascimento, J.V.D. (2019). Learner-centered teaching in a university-based coach education: First attempts through action research inquiry. Inteernational Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 14(3), 294309. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119842957

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moher, D., Jadad, A.R., Nichol, G., Penman, M., Tugwell, P., & Walsh, S. (1995). Assessing the quality of randomized controlled trials: An annotated bibliography of scales and checklists. Controlled Clinical Trials, 16(1), 6273. https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-2456(94)00031-W

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Muir, B. (2018). Coach learning and development in the performance domain: An embedded, relational and emergent intervention strategy [PhD thesis]. Leeds Beckett University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nash, C., & Sproule, J. (2012). Coaches perceptions of their coach education experiences. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.7352/ijsp.2012.43.033

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Norman, L. (2019). “I don’t really know what the magic wand is to get yourself in there”: Women’s sense of organizational fit as coach developers. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 28(2), 112. https://doi.org/10.1123/wspaj.2019-0020

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Norman, L., Rankin-Wright, A.J., & Allison, W. (2018). “It’s a concrete ceiling; It’s not even glass”: Understanding tenets of organizational culture that supports the progression of women as coaches and coach developers. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 42(5), 393414. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723518790086

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Norström, A.V., Cvitanovic, C., Löf, M.F., West, S., Wyborn, C., Balvanera, P., Bednarek, A.T., Bennett, E.M., Biggs, R., de Bremond, A., & Campbell, B.M. (2020). Principles for knowledge co-production in sustainability research. Nature Sustainability, 3(3), 182190. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0448-2

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • North, J. (2010). Using ‘coach developers’ to facilitate coach learning and development: Qualitative evidence from the UK. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 5(2), 239256. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.5.2.239

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • North, J. (2017). Sport coaching research and practice: Ontology, interdisciplinarity and critical realism. Routledge.

  • Page, M.J., McKenzie, J.E., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., Mulrow, C.D., ... Brennan, S.E. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ, 10, 89. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n71

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Paquette, K., & Trudel, P. (2018). Learner-centered coach education: Practical recommendations for coach development administrators. International Sport Coaching Journal, 5(2), 169175. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2017-0084

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Paquette, K., Trudel, P., Duarte, T., & Cundari, G. (2019). Participating in a learner-centered coach education program: Composite vignettes of coaches’ and coach educators’ experiences. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 274284. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0085

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Partington, M., O’Gorman, J., Greenough, K., & Cope, E. (2021). An investigation into coach developers’ theories in practice, learning, and development on a continuing professional development course. International Sport Coaching Journal, 9(2), 161169. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2020-0124

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pawson, R. (2006). Digging for nuggets: How ‘bad’research can yield ‘good’evidence. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 9(2), 127142. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570600595314

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Piggott, D. (2012). Coaches’ experiences of formal coach education: A critical sociological investigation. Sport, Education and Society, 17(4), 535554. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2011.608949

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Popay, J., Roberts, H., Sowden, A., Petticrew, M., Arai, L., Rodgers, M., Britten, N., Roen, K., & Duffy, S. (2006). Guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: A product from the ESRC methods programme. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.1018.4643

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pope, C., Mays, N., & Popay, J. (2007). Synthesising qualitative and quantitative health evidence: A guide to methods. McGraw-Hill Education.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Redgate, S., Potrac, P., Boocock, E., & Dalkin, S. (2020). Realist evaluation of the Football Association’s Post Graduate Diploma (PG Dip) in coach development. Sport, Education and Society, 27(3), 361376. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2020.1847066

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reid, P., & Harvey, S. (2014). We’re delivering game sense... aren’t we? Sports Coaching Review, 3(1), 8092. https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2014.967519

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roberts, J. (2004). Coach development officers – Version 9.45, Sports Coach UK.

  • Rodrigue, F., Trudel, P., & Boyd, J. (2019). Learning from practice: The value of a personal learning coach for high-performance coaches. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 285295. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0078

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rodrigues, H., Brasil, V.Z., Milistetd, M., & Trudel, P. (2021). Learner-centered teaching in a Higher Education course: A case study with a recognized researcher in Sports Coaching. Research, Society and Development, 10(3), Article e44910313568. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13568

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sarkis-Onofre, R., Catalá-López, F., Aromataris, E., & Lockwood, C. (2021). How to properly use the PRISMA statement. Systematic Reviews, 10(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-021-01671-z

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sawiuk, R., Taylor, W.G., & Groom, R. (2017). An analysis of the value of multiple mentors in formalised elite coach mentoring programmes. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 22(4), 403413. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2016.1268587

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sawiuk, R., Taylor, W.G., & Groom, R. (2018). Exploring formalized elite coach mentoring programmes in the UK: ‘We’ve had to play the game’. Sport, Education and Society, 23(6), 619631. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2016.1248386

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schein, E. (2004). Organisational culture and leadership (3rd ed.). Jossey-Bass.

  • Silva, E.J.D., Evans, M.B., Lefebvre, J.S., Allan, V., Côté, J., & Palmeira, A. (2020). A systematic review of intrapersonal coach development programs: Examining the development and evaluation of programs to elicit coach reflection. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 15(5–6), 818837. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954120943508

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sport Australia. (n.d.). What is a coach developer and what do they do? https://www.sportaus.gov.au/coaches_and_officials/sport_specific_training/coach_developer_resources

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stodter, A., Cope, E., & Townsend, R.C. (2021). Reflective conversations as a basis for sport coaches’ learning: A theory-informed pedagogic design for educating reflective practitioners. Professional Development in Education, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/19415257.2021.1902836

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stodter, A., & Cushion, C.J. (2017). What works in coach learning, how, and for whom? A grounded process of soccer coaches’ professional learning. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 9(3), 321338. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2017.1283358

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stodter, A., & Cushion, C.J. (2019). Layers of learning in coach developers’ practice-theories, preparation and delivery. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 307316. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0067

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stoszkowski, J., & Collins, D. (2017). Nirvana or never-never land: Does heutagogy have a place in coach development? International Sport Coaching Journal, 4(3), 353358. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2017-0001

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Trudel, P., Culver, D., & Werthner, P. (2013). Looking at coach development from the coach-learner’s perspective: Considerations for coach development administrators. In P. Potrac, W. Gilbert, & J. Denison (Eds.), Routledge handbook of sports coaching (pp. 375387). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203132623.ch30

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Hoye, A., Larsen, T., Sovik, M., Wold, B., Heuzé, J.P., Samdal, O., ... Sarrazin, P. (2015). Evaluation of the coaches educators training implementation of the PAPA project: A comparison between Norway and France. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25(5), e539e546. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12352

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Mullem, P., & Gano-Overway, L. (2021). To be a better coach: A guide for the youth sport coach and coach developer. Rowman & Littlefield.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vinson, D., Simpson, H.-J., & Cale, A. (2022). ‘I felt I’d lost myself-not really knowing who I was’: Coach developer learning as negotiating identity through engagement, imagination and alignment. Sport, Education and Society, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2022.2038126

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walker, L.F., Thomas, R., & Driska, A.P. (2018). Informal and nonformal learning for sport coaches: A systematic review. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(5), 694707. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118791522

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Watts, D.W., Cushion, C.J., & Cale, L. (2021). Exploring professional coach educators’ journeys and perceptions and understandings of learning. Sport, Education and Society, 27(5), 632646. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2021.2019696

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weimer, M. (2002). Learner-centered teaching: Five key changes to practice. Jossey-Bass.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2025 1182 156
Full Text Views 230 181 17
PDF Downloads 292 210 19