Coaching and Coach Education in Sweden

in International Sport Coaching Journal
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The purpose of this article is to describe the status of coaching and coach education in Sweden. The Swedish Sport Movement can be traced to the distinctive cultural and political characteristics that exist in Sweden and in other Scandinavian countries. The typical Swedish coach has been described as a collectivist, having a high work ethic and believing strongly in the importance of the group (Birkinshaw & Crainer, 2002). They build their coaching on what are traditionally considered female values, have a high-risk tolerance and there is often a lack of hierarchy in the coach-athlete relationship. Most coaching is done on a voluntary basis and the different Sport federations design and deliver coach education. There is no standard or uniform coach education regarding content, structure and costs. In addition, the quality of coach education in Sweden has not been assessed. Although many coaches recognize the importance of learning from other coaches, research has found that coaches in Sweden are seldom prepared to reflect and to think critically (Fahlström, Glemne, Hageskog, Kenttä, & Linnér, 2013; Hedberg, 2014).

Marie Hedberg is a senior lecturer in the Sport Science Departement at Linnaeus University in Sweden. She recently finished her PhD in sport coaching. She teaches substantially in coaching and leadership in sport, but also in relation to other organizations. In her research, the main interest and focus is on different aspects of the coaches and their competencies. She is also involved in developing different sport s and sport clubs.

Address author correspondence to Marie Hedberg at marie. hedberg@lnu.se.
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