The purpose of this study was to conduct a guided reflection intervention for high performance basketball coaches. The study participants included two head basketball coaches and 10 of their players who were part of elite youth teams in Singapore. The coaches were highly experienced, each with 17 and 20 years of coaching experience respectively, and the players from both teams (one male and one female) reported on average three years of playing experience at the national youth level. The Singapore coaching behavior scale for sport (CBS-S basketball), on-site observations, and interviews were used to gather data from the coaches and players. Coaches also kept a reflective journal throughout the intervention. The results showed how the coaches responded differently to the guided reflection intervention (implemented by the first author) in terms of their willingness to adapt and integrate new perspectives into their coaching practice. The coaches’ level of reflection was found to be contingent upon a) their motivation and desire to be engaged in the process and b) the worth they saw in the learning facilitator’s recommendations to improve their athletes’ technical and tactical development. The results also showed how the coaches’ behaviors were linked to players’ satisfaction level with their work. The results are discussed using the coaching science literature and practical implications are proposed to optimize coaches’ use of reflection as a learning tool to improve their coaching practice.
Koon Teck Koh is the assistant head for graduate programmes in the Physical Education and Sports Science Department, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He sits in the World Association of Basketball Coaches as an executive member, representing Asia. He also helps to conduct basketball coaching clinics for FIBA. He is currently the vice president of the Singapore Physical Education Association.
Cliff Mallett is an associate professor of sport psychology and coaching in the School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences at The University of Queensland (UQ) in Australia. He is the director of the Australian Centre for Sport, Physical and Health Education Research (ACoSPHER) at UQ and co-chair for Research for the International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE).
Martin Camiré is an assistant professor at the University of Ottawa’s School of Human Kinetics in Ottawa, Canada. His areas of interest lie in sport psychology and sport pedagogy. Through his research, he is interested in examining how positive youth development can be facilitated in the context of sport and how coaches learn to implement strategies to promote the development of life skills.
John Wang is a professor in the Physical Education and Sports Science Department, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He is the associate dean of Office of Education Research and leader of the Motivation in Educational Research. He is currently the president of The Singapore Physical Education Association.