The Surfing Coaching: Sources of Knowledge Acquisition

in International Sport Coaching Journal
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD  $41.00

1 year subscription

USD  $54.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD  $77.00

2 year subscription

USD  $101.00

A career as a surfing coach is a relatively recent profession, and has not yet been the subject of extensive research. The aim of the present study was to investigate the specific sources of knowledge acquisition of surfing coaches. Individual semi-structured open-ended interviews were conducted with 11 expert surfing coaches. Results revealed that their knowledge acquisition was similar in many ways. Their formal higher education provided them with training in sport sciences and physical education pedagogy, as well as their athletes’ surfing experiences. Their knowledge base was further developed by acquiring additional information through surfing coaching courses, books, and the use of the Internet.

Marco Catarino Espada Estêvão Correia is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Cruz Quebrada – Dafundo, Portugal.

Rachael Bertram is with the Department of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Marco Catarino Espada Estêvão Correia at marc.correia@gmail.com; mcorreia@outlook.pt.
  • Abraham, A., Collins, D., & Martindale, R. (2006). The coaching schematic: Validation through expert coach consensus. Journal of Sport Sciences, 24(6), 549564. doi:10.1080/02640410500189173

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Association of Surfing Professionals (ASP). (2013). ASP rule book. Retrieved from www.aspworldtour.com

    • Export Citation
  • Bailey, C.A. (2007). A guide to qualitative field research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.

  • Bardin, L. (1979). Análise de Conteúdo [Content analysis] (p. 70). Lisboa Portugal: Edições.

  • Bloom, G.A., Durand-Bush, N., Schinke, R.J., & Salmela, J.H. (1998). The importance of mentoring in the development of coaches and athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 29(3), 267281.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bloom, G.A., & Salmela, J.H. (2000). Personal characteristics of expert team sport coaches. Journal of Sport Pedagogy, 6, 5676.

  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2013). Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners. London, UK: Sage.

  • Carter, A.D., & Bloom, G.A. (2009). Coaching knowledge and success: Going beyond athletic experiences. Journal of Sport Behavior, 32, 419437.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Correia, M. (2005). Concepções didáticas e metodológicas do ensino do surf [Didactic and methodologic conceptions in surfing] (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Faculty of Human Kinetics of Lisbon University, Lisbon Portugal.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Correia, M., Rosado, A., & Mesquita, I. (2011). Concepções Didácticas e Metodológicas no Ensino do Surf [Didactic and methodologic conceptions in surfing]. REDAF, 4(1):130.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Côté, J., & Gilbert, W. (2009). An integrative definition of coaching effectiveness and expertise. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 4, 307323. doi:10.1260/174795409789623892

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Côté, J., Salmela, J.H., Trudel, P., Baria, A., & Russell, S.J. (1995). The coaching model: A grounded assessment of expert gymnastic coaches’ knowledge. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(1), 117. doi:10.1123/jsep.17.1.1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cregan, K., Bloom, G.A., & Reid, G. (2007). Career evolution and knowledge of elite coaches of swimmers with a physical disability. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, 339350. PubMed doi:10.1080/02701367.2007.10599431

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cushion, C.J., Armour, K.M., &Jones, R.L. (2003). Coach education and continuing professional development: Experience and learning to coach. Quest, 55, 215230. doi:10.1080/00336297.2003.10491800

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Douge, B., & Hastie, P. (1993). Coach effectiveness. Sport Science Review, 2, 1429.

  • Erickson, K., Bruner, M.W., MacDonald, D.J., & Côté, J. (2008). Gaining insight into actual and preferred sources of coaching knowledge. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3(4), 527538. doi:10.1260/174795408787186468

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Everline, C. (2007). Shortboard performance surfing: A qualitative assessment of manoeuvres and a sample periodized strength and conditioning program in and out of the water. National Strength and Conditioning Association, 29(3), 3240.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Federação Portuguesa de Surf - FPS. (2017). Sobre a FPS [about FPS]. Retrieved from https://www.surfingportugal.com/cms/index/view/gid/9917

    • Export Citation
  • Fleurence, P., & Cotteaux, V. (1999). Building the expertise from coaches of high-level athletes. Avante, 5, 5468. (In French: English abstract)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilbert, W., & Trudel, P. (1999). An evaluation strategy for coach education programs. Journal of Sport Behavior, 22, 234250.

  • Gilbert, W., & Trudel, P. (2001). Learning to coach through experience: Reflection in model youth sport coaches. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 21(1), 1634. doi:10.1123/jtpe.21.1.16

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilbert, W., & Trudel, P. (2005). Learning to coach trough experience: Conditions that influence reflection. Physical Educator, 62, 3244.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilbert, W.D., Côté, J., & Mallett, C. (2006). Developmental paths and activities of successful sports coaches. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 1, 6976. doi:10.1260/174795406776338526

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilbert, W.D., Lichktenwaldt, L., Gilbert, J.N., Zelezny, L., & Côté, J. (2009). Developmental profiles of successful high school coaches. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 4, 415431. doi:10.1260/174795409789623928

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gould, D., Giannina, J., Krane, V., & Hodge, K. (1990). Educational needs of elite U.S. National team, Pan America, and Olympic coaches. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 9, 332344. doi:10.1123/jtpe.9.4.332

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gould, D., Guinan, D., Greenleaf, C., & Chung, Y. (2002). A survey of U.S. Olympic coaches: Variables perceived to have influenced athlete performances and coach effectiveness. The Sport Psychologist, 16, 229250. doi:10.1123/tsp.16.3.229

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gratton, C., & Jones, I. (2004). Research methods for sport studies. London, UK: Routledge.

  • Greenwood, D., Davids, K., & Renshaw, I. (2012). Using elite coaches’ experiential knowledge to enhance empirical understanding of sport performance. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7(2):411422.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hanratty, M., & O’Connor, D. (2012). Understanding expert knowledge: A case study of knowledge acquisition in elite rugby league strength and conditioning coaches. International Journal of Coaching Science, 6(1), 4563.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hardin, B. (2000). Coaching expertise in high school athletics: Characteristics of expert high school coaches. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 15, 2438.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Council for Coaching Excellence, Association of Summer Olympic International Federations, & Leeds Metropolitan University. (2013). International sport coaching framework (version 1.2). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Olympic Committee - IOC. (2017). IOC approves five new sports for Olympic Games Tokyo 2020. Retrieved from https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-approves-five-new-sports-for-olympic-games-tokyo-2020

    • Export Citation
  • International Surfing Association - ISA. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.isasurf.org/

  • Irwin, G., Hanton, S., & Kerwin, D. (2004). Reflective practice and the origins of elite coaching knowledge. Reflective Practice, 5(3), 425442. doi:10.1080/1462394042000270718

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jones, D., Housner, L., & Kornspan, A. (1995). A comparative analysis of expert and novice basketball coaches’ practice planning. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 3, 201227.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jones, R., Armour, K., & Potrac, P. (2004). Sports coaching cultures: From practice to theory. London, UK: Routledge.

  • Knowles, Z., Gilbourne, D., Borrie, A., & Nevill, A. (2001). Developing the reflective sports coach: A study exploring the processes of reflective practice within a higher education coaching programme. Reflective Practice, 2(2), 185207. doi:10.1080/14623940123820

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Krane, V., Andersen, M.B., & Strean, W.B. (1997). Issues of qualitative research methods and presentation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 19, 213218. doi:10.1123/jsep.19.2.213

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lemyre, F., & Trudel, P. (2004). Le parcours d’apprentissage au role d’entraineur benevole [The learning paths of volunteer coaches]. Avante, 10(3), 4055.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lemyre, F., Trudel, P., & Durand-Bush, N. (2007). How youth-sport coaches learn to coach. The Sport Psychologist, 21, 191209. doi:10.1123/tsp.21.2.191

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lortie, D.C. (1975). Schoolteacher. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago.

  • Lyle, J. (1998). Coaching effectiveness and the teaching paradigm. In R., Fisher, C., Laws, & J. Moses (Eds.), Active living through quality physical education: Selected readings from the 8th European Congress, International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance (pp. 4045). London, UK: Physical Education Association of the UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mendez-Villanueva, A., & Bishop, D. (2005). Physiological aspects of surfboard riding performance. Sports Medicine, 35(1), 5570. doi:10.2165/00007256-200535010-00005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Merriam, S.B., & Caffarella, R.S. (1999). Learning in adulthood. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

  • Moon, J.A. (2004). A handbook of reflective and experiential learning: Theory and practice. London, UK: Routledge-Falmer.

  • Nash, C.S., & Sproule, J. (2009). Career development of expert coaches. International Journal of Sports Sciences & Coaching, 4(1), 121138. doi:10.1260/1747-9541.4.1.121

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nelson, L.J., Cushion, C.J., & Potrac, P. (2006). Formal, nonformal and informal coach learning: A holistic conceptualization. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 1(3), 247259. doi:10.1260/174795406778604627

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  • Pitney, W.A., & Parker, J. (2009). Qualitative research in physical activity and the health professions. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  • Ramos, V., Brasil, V.Z., & Goda, C. (2012). A aprendizagem profissional na percepção de treinadores de jovens surfistas [Coaches percepptions related to professional learning of young surfers]. Revista da Educação Física/UEM, Maringá, 23(3), 431442.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reade, I., Rodgers, W., & Hall, N. (2008). Knowledge transfer: How do high performance coaches access the knowledge of sport scientists? International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3(3), 319334. doi:10.1260/174795408786238470

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rubin, H.J., & Rubin, S.I. (1995). Qualitative interviewing: The art of hearing data. London, UK: Sage.

  • Sage, G.H. (1989). Becoming a high school coach: From playing sports to coaching. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 60, 8192. doi:10.1080/02701367.1989.10607417

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Salmela, J. (1995). Learning from the development of expert coaches. Coaching and Sport Science Journal, 2(2), 313.

  • Saury, J., & Durand, M. (1998). Practical knowledge in expert coaches: On site study of coaching in sailing. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 69, 254266.PubMed doi:10.1080/02701367.1998.10607692

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schempp, P., Templeton, C., & Clark, B. (1998). The knowledge acquisition of expert golf instructors. In M. Farrally& A.J. Cochran (Eds.), Science and golf III: Proceedings of the world scientific congress of golf (pp. 295301). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schempp, P., Webster, C., McCullick, A., Busch, C., & Mason, I. (2007). How the best get better: An analysis of the self-monitoring strategies used by expert golf instructors. Sport, Education and Society, 12(2), 175192. doi:10.1080/13573320701287502

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schinke, R.J., Bloom, G.A., & Salmela, J.H. (1995). The career stages of elite Canadian basketball coaches. Avante, 1, 4862.

  • Schön, D. (1983). The reflective practitioner. New York, NY: Basic.

  • Sparkes, A., & Smith, B. (2014). Qualitative research in sport, exercise & health sciences. From process to product. London, UK:Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). London, UK: Sage.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thompson, A., Bezodis, I.N., & Jones, R.L. (2009). An in-depth assessment of expert sprint coaches’ technical knowledge. Journal of Sports Science, 27(8), 855861. doi:10.1080/02640410902895476

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Timson-Katchis, M., & North, J. (2008). UK coaching tracking study: Year one headline report. Leeds, UK: Sports Coach.

  • Trudel, P., & Gilbert, W.D. (2006). Coaching and coach education. In D. Kirk, D. MacDonald, & M. O’sullivan (Eds.), The handbook of physical education (pp. 516539). London, UK: Sage.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vallée, C.N., & Bloom, G.A. (2005). Building a successful university program: Key and common elements of expert coaches. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 179196. doi:10.1080/10413200591010021

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Werthner, P., & Trudel, P. (2006). A new theoretical perspective for understanding how coaches learn to coach. The Sport Psychologist, 20, 198212. doi:10.1123/tsp.20.2.198

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, T., Trudel, P., & Culver, D. (2007). Learning how to coach: The different learning situations reported by youth ice hockey coaches. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 12, 127144. doi:10.1080/17408980701282019

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 399 378 10
Full Text Views 3 3 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0