Coach Burnout: A Scoping Review

in International Sport Coaching Journal
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Coaches’ experiences of burnout and stress have been popular topics for research within sport psychology, particularly over the last decade. The purpose of this scoping review was to provide an up-to-date and critical review of the coaching burnout literature, consolidate research findings, assess current methodological and conceptual trends, and identify avenues for research in this area. Five electronic databases were used to conduct the literature search up to September 30th, 2017 (PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ORIA, Google Scholar). Initially, 65 papers, reviews, and books chapter were identified, but through an iterative process, 45 peer-reviewed, published articles satisfied the inclusion criteria, and the data from these studies was charted. Findings indicated that coach burnout literature is explored from a number of different theoretical perspectives, and shortcomings were identified regarding constructs and concepts used, and research quality. Based on consolidated findings, key challenges are identified, and recommendations for future research are suggested. Recommendations include the use of designs that fully capture the enduring nature of the burnout experience, further consideration being given to the measurement of coach burnout, and further research exploring the clinical treatment and prevention of burnout in coaching contexts.

Peter Olusoga is with the Academy of Sport & Physical Activity, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Marte Bentzen is with the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. Goran Kentta is with GIH - The Swedish School of Sport & Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottowa, Ottawa, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Peter Olusoga at p.olusoga@shu.ac.uk.
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