Current Practices in United States Higher Education Coach Education Programs

in International Sport Coaching Journal
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $41.00

1 year subscription

USD $54.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $77.00

2 year subscription

USD $101.00

The purpose of this study was to identify the number and type of higher education institution’s (HEI) coach education programs (CEP) within the USA and survey CEP coordinators regarding curricular practices and program challenges. Researchers conducted an online search to collect information about the type of program, field experiences, and accreditation status of HEI’s CEP. As a follow-up, program coordinators were requested to participate in an online survey including information about curricular content, practical experiences, alignment with standards, and program challenges. Three hundred and eight HEI offered CEP, most were minor programs. Fifty nine percent of these programs offered field experiences and only 4% were NCACE accredited. Sixty two program coordinators completed the online survey. Seventy four percent of these programs offered a field experience, 72% had additional practical experiences incorporated into coursework, and 45% of programs definitely aligned with the National Standards of Sport Coaches while 9% definitely aligned with the International Sport Coaching Framework. Program coordinators also indicated five challenge areas related to academic setting, student learning, community perceptions, marketing, standards and accreditation. Overall, an increased number of HEI offer CEP providing some evidence that coaching is advancing as a profession within the USA; however, this study identifies areas of improvement and challenges facing programs.

Lori A. Gano-Overway is with the Department of Health and Human Sciences, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA. Kristen Dieffenbach is with the College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.

Address author correspondence to Lori A. Gano-Overway at lgano@bridgewater.edu.
International Sport Coaching Journal
Article Sections
References
  • BaileyR.CollinsD.FordP.MacNamaraA.TomsM. & PearceG. (2010). Participant development in sport: An academic review. Retrieved from https://www.englandrugby.com/mm/Document/MyRugby/Players/01/32/62/41/ParticipantDevelopmentinSportAnAcademicReview_Neutral.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BalyiI.WayR. & HiggsC. (2013). Long term athlete development. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  • BeanC.KramersS.FornerisT. & CamiréM. (2018). The implicit/explicit continuum of life skills development and transfer. Quest 70456470. doi:10.1080/00336297.2018.1451348

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BurdenJ.W. & LambieG.W. (2011). Sociocultural competencies: A proposal for coaches and coaching education. Journal of Coaching Education 4328. doi:10.1123/jce.4.3.3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CôtéJ. & GilbertW. (2009). An integrative definition of coaching effectiveness and expertise. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 4307323. doi:10.1260/174795409789623892

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (2017January). Guidelines on program review with national recognition using Specialized Professional Association (SPA) standards. Retrieved from http://caepnet.org/~/media/Files/caep/accreditation/guidelines-on-program-review-with-nation.pdf?la=en

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CushionC.NelsonL.ArmourK.LyleJ.JonesR.SandfordR. & O’CallaghanC. (2010). Coach learning and development: A review of literature. London, UK: Sports Coach UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DieffenbachK.D. & WaydaV. (2010). A critical review of American academic coaching education programs. Journal of Coaching Education 32139. doi:10.1123/jce.3.2.21

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DuffyP.HartleyH.BalesJ.CrespoM.DickF.Vandhan . . . CuradoJ. (2011). Sport coaching as a ‘profession’: Challenges and future directions. International Journal of Coaching Science 593123.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EichnerE.R. (2018). Football team Rhabdomyolysis: The pain beats the gain and the coach is to blame. Current Sports Medicine Reports 17142143. PubMed ID: 29738317 doi:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000484

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GilbertW.CôtéJ. & MallettC. (2006). The talented coach: Developmental paths and activities of successful sport coaches. International Journal of Sport Sciences and Coaching 16976. doi:10.1260/174795406776338526

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GilbertW.D. & TrudelP. (2001). Learning to coach through experience: Reflection in model youth sport coaches. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 211634. doi:10.1123/jtpe.21.1.16

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research. (2016May 27). Carnegie Classifications 2015 public data file. Retrieved from http://carnegieclassifications.iu.edu/downloads/CCIHE2015-PublicDataFile.xlsx

    • Export Citation
  • International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE) the Association of Summer Olympic Federations (ASOIF) and Leeds Metropolitan University. (2013). International sport coaching framework. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JonesR. (2006). How can educational concepts inform sports coaching? In R. Jones (Ed.) The sports coach as educator: Re-conceptualizing sport coaching (pp. 313). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KirkpatrickD.L. & KirkpatrickJ.D. (2006). Evaluating training programs: The four levels (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lara-BercialS.JiménezA.AbrahamA.BalesJ.ColmaireP.CuradoJ. . . . RynneS. (2016). The international sport coaching bachelor degree standards of the international council for coaching excellence. International Sport Coaching Journal 3344348. doi:10.1123/iscj.2016-0085

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LauerL. & DieffenbachK. (2013). Psychosocial training interventions to prepare youth sport coaches. In P. PotracW. Gilbert & J. Denison (Eds.) Routledge Handbook of Sports Coaching (pp. 451462). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LyleJ. (2007). UKCC impact study: Definitional conceptual and methodological review. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/scukres/docs/ukcc_impact_study

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McMillinC.J. & ReffnerC. (1998). Directory of college and university coaching education programs. Morgantown, WV: Fit Information Technology.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoonJ.A. (2004). A handbook of reflective and experiential learning: Theory and practice. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

  • National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) (2006). Quality coaches quality sports: National standards for sport coaches. (2nd ed.). Reston, VA: Author.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NelsonL.CushionC. & PotracP. (2006). Formal, nonformal, and informal coach learning: A holistic conceptualization. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching 1247259. doi:10.1260/174795406778604627

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RoxasA.S. & RidingerL.L. (2016). Relationships of coaching behaviors to student-athlete well-being. Higher Education Politics & Economics 295109.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RynneS.B. & MallettC.J. (2014). Coaches’ learning and sustainability in high performance sport. Reflective practice: International and multidisciplinary perspectives 151226. doi:10.1080/14623943.2013.868798

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchoenstedtL.VickersB. & CarrD. (2016). Perceptions of coaching education in physical education curriculums. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 618.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SHAPE America. (2019). National standards for sport coaches (3rd revision). Retrieved from https://www.shapeamerica.org/standards/coaching/default.aspx

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TrudelP. & GilbertW. (2006). Coaching and coach education. In D. KirkD. MacDonald & M. O’sullivan (Eds.) The Handbook of Physical Education (pp. 516539). London, UK: Sage.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TrudelP.GilbertW. & WerthnerP. (2010). Coach education effectiveness. In J. Lyle& C. Cushion (Eds.) Sports coaching: Professionalization and practice (pp. 135152). London, UK: Elsevier.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2018). Coaches and scouts. Occupational outlook handbook 2016-2017. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/ooh/entertainment-and-sports/coaches-and-scouts.htm

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WerthnerP. & TrudelP. (2006). A new theoretical perspective for understanding how coaches learn to coach. Sport Psychologist 20198212. doi:10.1123/tsp.20.2.198

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ZakrajsekR.ThompsonM. & DieffenbachK. (2015). An exploration of the academic coaching education internship. Sports Coaching Review 42440. doi:10.1080/21640629.2015.1121624

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 234 234 117
Full Text Views 10 10 4
PDF Downloads 7 7 3
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar