Coaching Positive Youth Development in Brazil: Recommendations for Coach Education Programs

in International Sport Coaching Journal
View More View Less
  • 1 State University of Maringá
  • 2 Federal University of Santa Catarina
  • 3 Polytechnic Institute of Porto and Viana do Castelo
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $41.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $55.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $79.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $105.00

Coaching positive youth development (PYD) represents a challenge for many participation and high-performance coaches across the globe, including in Brazil. Coach education has been acknowledged as a formal learning context that may help prepare coaches to effectively foster PYD outcomes and provide high-quality developmental experiences for athletes across different sport contexts. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the key concepts and existing guidelines for coaching and coach education in Brazil, and provide context-specific recommendations for coach education to include PYD materials. Coaching in Brazil includes a long preparation period that includes diversified opportunities for coach learning. However, there are some discrepancies between the objectives and outcomes prioritized by governing bodies and sport organizations and how learning contexts are framed. In other words, although PYD is considered to be a necessary endeavor, it is not explicitly included in any coach education program. Moving forward, we provide several recommendations, through a bottom-up approach, in order to embed PYD within the Brazilian sport system.

Gaion, Contreira, Arantes, and Caruzzo are with the State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Milistetd is with the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil. Santos is with the inED Center for Research and Innovation in Education, School of Higher Education, Polytechnic Institute of Porto and Viana do Castelo, Portugal.

Santos (fernando.sfsantos@hotmail.com) is corresponding author.
  • Barker, B., & Forneris, T. (2012). Reflections on the implementation of TPSR programming with at-risk-youth in the city of Ottawa, Canada. Agora para la Educación Física y el Deporte, 14(1), 7893.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brazil. (1998). Law 9696. Physical Education Professional regulation. Official Journal of State. Retrieved from http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/l9394.htm

    • Export Citation
  • Brazilian Basketball Confederation. (2018). Brazilian Olympic Committee launches 4th coaches’ cohort. Retrieved from http://www.cbb.com.br/noticias/2018/04/cob-lanca-4-turma-da-academia-brasileira-de-treinadores

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brazilian Olympic Committee. (2018). Sobre o COB [About the BOC]. Retrieved from https://www.cob.org.br/pt/cob/comite-olimpico-do-brasil

    • Export Citation
  • Camiré, M. (2015). Reconciling competition and positive youth development in sport. STAPS, 109(1), 2539. doi:10.3917/sta.109.0025

  • Camiré, M., Trudel, P., & Forneris, T. (2012). Coaching and transferring life skills: Philosophies and strategies used by model high school coaches. The Sport Psychologist, 26(1), 243260. doi:10.1123/tsp.26.2.243

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coakley, J. (2016). Positive youth development through sport: Myths, beliefs, and realities. In N. Holt (Ed.), Positive youth development through sport (2nd ed., pp. 2133). New York, NY: Routledge.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cushion, C., Armour, K., & Jones, R. (2003). Coach education and continuing professional development: Experience and learning to coach. Quest, 55, 215230. doi:10.1080/00336297.2003.10491800

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Engelman, S., & Oliveira, A. (2012). Gestão pública em rede: O caso do programa segundo tempo - ministerio do esporte [Public management network: The case of the program segundo tempo - The ministry of sports]. Journal of Physical Education, 23(4), 543552. doi:10.4025/reveducfis.v23.4.13379

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Falcão, W., Bloom, G., & Gilbert, W. (2012). Coaches’ perceptions of a coach training program designed to promote youth developmental outcomes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24(1), 429444. doi:10.1080/10413200.2012.692452

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fransen, K., Haslam, S., Steffens, N., Vanbeselaere, N., De Cuyper, B., & Boen, F. (2015). Believing in us: Exploring leaders’ capacity to enhance team confidence and performance by building a sense of shared social identity. Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied, 21(1), 89100. PubMed ID: 25401268. doi:10.1037/xap0000033.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gallati, L. (2017). AFEs, Desenvolvimento humano e esporte de alto rendimento [Human Development and high performance sport]. Campinas, Brazil: PNUD.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gano-Overway, L., Newton, M., Magyar, T., Fry, M., Kim, M., & Guivernau, M. (2009). Influence of caring youth sport contexts on efficacy-related beliefs and social behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 45(2), 329340. PubMed ID: 19271822 doi:10.1037/a0014067

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilbert, W., & Trudel, P. (2006). The coach as a reflective practitioner. In R. Jones (Ed.), The sports coach as educator: Re-conceptualising sports coaching (pp. 113129). New York, NY: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hellison, D. (2011). Teaching personal and social responsability through physical activity (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  • Hodge, K., & Gucciard, D. (2015). Antisocial and prosocial behavior in sport: The role of motivational climate, basic psychological needs, and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 37(1), 257273. doi:10.1123/jsep.2014-0225

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hodge, K., & Lonsdale, C. (2011). Prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport: The role of coaching style, autonomous vs. controlled motivation, and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 33(1), 527547. doi:10.1123/jsep.33.4.527

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holt, N. (2016). Positive youth development through sport. (2nd ed.). London, UK: Routledge.

  • Holt, N., Camiré, M., Tamminen, K., Pankow, K., Pynn, S., Strachan, L., . . . Fraser-Thomas, J. (2017). PYDSportNET: A knowledge translation project bridging gaps between research and practice in youth sport. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 9(2), 132146. doi:10.1080/21520704.2017.1388893

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holt, N., Kingsley, B., Tink, L., & Scherer, J. (2011). Benefits and challenges associated with sport participation by children and parents from low-income families. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(5), 490499. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.05.007

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holt, N., Neely, K., Slater, L., Camiré, M., Côté, J., Fraser-Thomas, J., . . . Tamminen, K. (2017). A grounded theory of positive youth development through sport based on results from a qualitative meta-study. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10(1), 149. PubMed ID: 27695511 doi:10.1080/1750984X.2016.1180704

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Council for Coaching Excellence (ICCE). (2013). International Sport Coaching Framework version 1.2. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kendellen, K., Camiré, M., Bean, C., Forneris, T., & Thompson, J. (2017). Integrating life skills into Golf Canada’s youth programs: Insights into a successful research to practice partnership. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 8(1), 3446. doi:10.1080/21520704.2016.1205699

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kravchychyn, C., & Oliveira, A. (2015). Projetos e programas sociais esportivos no Brasil: Uma revisão sistemática [Social sport-based projects and programs in Brazil: A systematic review]. Movimento, 21(4), 10511065. doi:10.22456/1982-8918.54017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lerner, R., Lerner, L., Almerigi, J., Theokas, C., Phelps, E., Gestsdottir, S., . . . Eye, A. (2005). Positive youth development, participation in community youth development programs, and community contributions of fifth-grade adolescents: Findings from the first wave of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(1), 1771. doi:10.1177/0272431604272461

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martinek, T., Schilling, T., & Hellison, D. (2006). The development of compassionate and caring leadership among adolescents. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 11(2), 141157. doi:10.1080/17408980600708346

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McCallister, S., Blinde, E., & Weiss, W. (2000). Teaching values and implementing philosophies: Dilemmas of the youth sport coach. Physical Educator, 57(1), 3546.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meira, T., Bastos, F., & Böhme, M. (2012). Análise da estrutura organizacional do esporte de rendimento no Brasil: Estudo preliminar [Analyzing the organizational structure of high performance sport in Brazil: A preliminary study]. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 26(2), 251262. doi:10.1590/S1807-55092012000200008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Milistetd, M., Ciampolini, V., Salles, W., Ramos, V., Galatti, L., & Nascimento, J. (2016). Coaches’ development in Brazil: Structure of sports organizational programmes. Sports Coaching Review, 5(2): 138152. doi:10.1080/21640629.2016.1201356

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Milistetd, M., Trudel, P., Mesquita, I., & Nascimento, J. (2014). Coaching and coach education in Brazil. International Sport Coaching Journal, 1(1), 165172. doi:10.1123/iscj.2014-0103

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Milistetd, M., Trudel, P., Rynne, S., Mesquita, I., & Nascimento, J. (2018). The learner-centred status of a Brazilian university coach education program. International Sport Coaching Journal, 5(2), 105115. doi: 10.1123/iscj.2017-0075

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Education. (2016). Higher education synopsis. Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira. Retrieved from http://portal.inep.gov.br/web/guest/sinopses-estatisticas-da-educacao-superior

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Education. (2018). Conselho Nacional de Educação [National Education Council]. Retrieved from: http://portal.mec.gov.br/conselho-nacional-de-educacao/

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Sport. (2018). O ministério [The ministry]. Retrieved from http://www.esporte.gov.br/index.php/institucional/o-ministerio

    • Export Citation
  • Nelson, L., Cushion, C., & Potrac, P. (2006). Formal, nonformal and informal coach learning: A holistic conceptualisation. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 1(3), 247259. doi:10.1260/174795406778604627

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pinto, R., & Oliveira, C. (2017). Esporte, infância e juventude despossuída: Uma análise das ONG’s como acontecimento discursivo [Sport, children and youth dispossessed: An analysis of NGO’s how discursive event]. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte, 39(1), 3948. PubMed ID: 31211117 doi:10.1016/j.rbce.2016.01.013

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Portuguese Hockey Federation. (2016). Project “Positive Youth Development in the Coach Education Process of Youth Coaches”. Retrieved from http://www.fphoquei.pt/blog/2015/11/projeto-o-desenvolvimento-positivo-na-formacao-de-treinadores-de-hoquei

    • Export Citation
  • Potgieter, J. (2013). Cheating: The dark side of sport. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 35(2), 153162.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rathwell, S., & Young, B. (2018). Coaches’ perspectives on personal and psychosocial development in university sport. International Sport Coaching Journal, 5(1), 113. doi:10.1123/iscj.2017-0018

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reverdito, R., Galatti, L., Lima, L., Nicolau, P., Scaglia, A., & Paes, R. (2016). The “Programa Segundo Tempo” in Brazilian municipalities: Outcome indicators in macrosystem. Journal of Physical Education, 27(1), 114. doi:10.4025/jphyseduc.v27i1.2754

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rigoni, P., Belém, I., & Vieira, L. (2017). Systematic review on the impact of sport on the positive youth development of high performance athletes. Journal of Physical Education, 28(1), 2854. doi:10.4025/jphyseduc.v28i1.2854

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Santos, F., Camiré, M., & Campos, P. H. d. F. (2018). Youth sport coaches’ role in facilitating positive youth development in Portuguese field hockey. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(3), 221234. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2016.1187655

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Santos, F., Camiré, M., MacDonald, D.J., Campos, H., Conceição, M., & Silva, A. (2019). Process and outcome evaluation of a positive youth development-focused coach education course. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(1), 112. doi:10.1123/iscj.2017-0101

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Santos, F., Camiré, M., MacDonald, D. J., Campos, H., Conceição, M., & Silva, P. (2017). Youth sport coaches’ perspective on positive youth development and its worth in mainstream coach education courses. International Sport Coaching Journal, 4(1), 3846. doi:10.1123/iscj.2016-0092

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Santos, F., Corte-Real, N., Regueiras, L., Dias, C., & Fonseca, A. (2017). A perspetiva do professor de educação física na implementação do modelo de desenvolvimento da responsabilidade pessoal e social [A physical education teacher’s perspective throughout the implementation of the TPSR model]. Sociedade Portuguesa de Educação Física, 40, 6976.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sousa, E., Noronha, V., Ribeiro, C., Teixeira, D., Fernandes, D., & Venâncio, M. (2011). Sistema de monitoramento & avaliação dos programas Esporte e Lazer da Cidade e Segundo Tempo do Ministério do Esporte [Assessment and supervision system for sport and leisure programs in the city and segundo tempo from the ministry of sport] (2nd ed.). Belo Horizonte, Brasil: Ideal.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Strachan, L., Côté, J., & Deakin, J. (2011). A new view: Exploring positive youth development in elite sport contexts. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 3(1), 932. doi:10.1080/19398441.2010.541483.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Trudel, P., Culver, D., & Werthner, P. (2013). Looking at coach development from the coach-learner’s perspective: considerations for coach development administrators. In P. Potrac, W. Gilbert, & J. Denison (Eds.), Routledge handbook of sports coaching (pp. 375387). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vella, S., Crowe, T., & Oades, L. (2013). Increasing the effectiveness of formal coach education: Evidence of a parallel process. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 8(2), 417430. doi:10.1260/1747-9541.8.2.417

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vella, S., Oades, L., & Crowe, T. (2011). The role of the coach in facilitating positive youth development: Moving from theory to practice. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 23(1), 3348. doi:10.1080/10413200.2010.511423

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 311 311 43
Full Text Views 26 26 0
PDF Downloads 14 14 0