This study investigates the timing differences between subtalar and knee joint movement of 9 male subjects while running barefoot and shod at three velocities. An alternative approach is used by dividing the pronation curve into 3 phases. Consequently, the timing of the maximum pronation phase was evaluated, not just the event of the maximum pronation value. Statistical differences were tested using the General Linear Method and paired t tests (p £.05), The extension of the knee starts both barefoot and shod significantly earlier than the resupination phase. Individual analysis shows that a larger time discrepancy between knee extension and the end of pronation mainly depends on the presence of bimodal pronation curves. The relative time differences significantly diminish with increased running velocity. Results suggest that by using this alternative approach, more detailed and useful information is available to describe the lime relationship between flexion-extension of the knee and pro-supination.
The authors are with the Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, University of Ghent, Walersportlaan 2, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.