Hip Contact Stress during Normal and Staircase Walking: The Influence of Acetabular Anteversion Angle and Lateral Coverage of the Acetabulum

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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Hip contact stress is considered to be an important biomechanical factor related to development of coxarthrosis. The effect of the lateral coverage of the acetabulum on the hip contact stress has been demonstrated in several studies of hip dysplasia, whereas the effect of the anterior anteversion remains unclear. Therefore, the joint hip contact stress during normal level walking and staircase walking, in normal and dysplastic hips, for small and large acetabular anteversion angle was computed. For small acetabular anteversion angle, the hip contact stress is slightly increased (less than 15%) in staircase walking when compared with normal walking. In hips with large angle of acetabular anteversion, walking downstairs significantly increases the maximal peak contact stress (70% in normal hips and 115% in dysplastic hips) whereas walking upstairs decreases the peak contact stress (4% in normal hips and 34% in dysplastic hips) in comparison to normal walking. Based on the presented results, we suggest that the acetabular anteversion should be considered in biomechanical evaluation of the hips, especially when the lateral coverage of the acetabulum is small.

Daniel is with the Laboratory of Biomechanics, Department of Mechanics, Biomechanics and Mechatronics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic; Iglič is with the Laboratory of Physics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; and Kralj-Iglič is with the Laboratory of Clinical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Ljubljana, Slovenia.