Effects of Training on Muscle and Tendon in Knee Extensors and Plantar Flexors in Vivo

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training on muscle and tendon properties between knee extensors and plantar flexors in vivo. Twenty healthy young men voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into two training groups: knee extension group (n = 10) and plantar flexion group (n = 10). They performed five sets of exercises with a 1-min rest between sets, which consisted of unilateral knee extension for the knee extension group and plantar flexion for the plantar flexion group at 80% of 1 repetition maximum with 10 repetitions per set (4 days/wk, 12 wk). Before and after training, muscle strength, neural activation level (by interpolated twitch), muscle volume (by magnetic resonance imaging), and tendon stiffness (by ultrasonography) were measured. There were no differences in the training-induced increases in muscle strength, activation level, muscle volume, and tendon stiffness between knee extensors and plantar flexors. These results suggested that if the used protocol of training (i.e., intensity, repetition, etc.) were the same, there were no differences in the training-induced changes in muscle and tendon properties between knee extensors and plantar flexors.

Keitaro Kubo (Corresponding Author) is with the Department of Life Science, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan. Toshihiro Ikebukuro is with the Department of Physical Education, Kokushikan University, Tokyo, Japan. Hideaki Yata is with the Sports Science Laboratory, Wako University, Machida, Tokyo, Japan. Naoya Tsunoda is with the Department of Physical Education, Kokushikan University, Tokyo, Japan. Hiroaki Kanehisa is with the Department of Life Science, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan.