Anticipatory Postural Adjustments During Lateral Step Motion in Patients With Hip Osteoarthritis

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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Patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) have difficulty with mediolateral postural control. Since the symptom of hip OA includes joint pain, which mostly occurs upon initial movement, patients with hip OA might have disabling problems with movement initiation. This study aimed to identify the movement strategy during the anticipatory postural adjustments in the lateral step motion in patients with hip OA. We studied 18 female subjects with unilateral hip OA and 10 healthy subjects, and measured temporal, kinetic, and kinematic variables. Patients with hip OA required a longer duration of anticipation phase than the control subjects, the total duration of lateral stepping was not different between the groups. Displacement of the center of mass to the supporting (affected) side during the anticipation phase was not different between the two groups. These findings suggest that, in patients with hip OA, the center of mass slowly moved to the affected side. Furthermore, patients with hip OA showed greater shift of the trunk to the supporting side than did the control subjects. These movement characteristics might contribute to the achievement of both protection of the affected hip joint and quickness in the subsequent lateral step in patients with hip OA.

Hiroshige Tateuchi (Corresponding Author) is with the Graduate School of Medicine and the Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Noriaki Ichihashi is with the Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Masahiro Shinya is with the Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Shingo Oda is with the Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Journal of Applied Biomechanics