The purposes of this study were to compare lower-limb kinematics between genders, and determine the relationships among eccentric hip abductor and lateral rotator torques and lower-limb kinematics. The movements of the pelvis, femur, and knee were calculated for 16 women and 16 men during the single-leg squat. Eccentric hip abductor and lateral rotator torques were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. The results showed that women had greater contralateral pelvic depression, femur adduction, and knee abduction than men. The eccentric hip abductor and lateral rotator torques were correlated with coronal plane femur and knee movements in the overall sample. When the genders were analyzed separately, it was observed that women with greater eccentric hip abductor torque exhibited less femur adduction and femur medial rotation, and greater knee adduction excursion. No significant relationship was observed between the isokinetic and kinematic variables in the male group. The differences between the genders help to explain the greater rate of knee disorders observed in women. Moreover, the eccentric hip abduction action seemed to be more important in women to control the lower-limb movements.
Rodrigo de Marche Baldon (Corresponding Author), Daniel Ferreira Moreira Lobato, and Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho are with the Department of Physical Therapy, São Carlos Federal University, São Carlos, SP, Brazil. Paulo Roberto Pereira Santiago is with the School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Benedito Galvão Benze is with the Department of Statistics, São Carlos Federal University, São Carlos, SP, Brazil. Fábio Viadanna Serrão is also with the Department of Physical Therapy, São Carlos Federal University, São Paulo, Brazil.