The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and fracture mode of single implant-zirconium coping combinations using zirconium and titanium abutments and to analyze the stress distribution pattern using three-dimensional finite elements analysis. Twenty implants with titanium and zirconium abutments were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10) and into resin blocks. Zirconium copings were cemented onto the abutments. The specimens were loaded with 135° angles to the long axis and the load values at the moment of failure were recorded using a universal test machine. Stress levels were calculated according to the maximum Von Mises criteria. The fracture resistances for titanium and zirconium abutment groups were 525.65 N and 514.05 N, respectively. No significant differences were observed between two groups regarding the fracture resistance levels. The maximum Von Mises equivalent stress concentrated on zirconium copings in both of the groups. Implant-abutment-ZrO2 coping combination has the potential to withstand physiological occlusal forces in the anterior region. Three-dimensional finite elements analysis results of the implant-abutment-ZrO2 coping combination is compatible with the results of fracture resistance.
Kadir Firidinoğlu, Suna Toksavul (Corresponding Author), and Muhittin Toman are with the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey. Mehmet Sarikanat is with the Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey. İbrahim Nergiz is with the Department of Restorative and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental and Oral Medicine, Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany.