A Biomechanical Assessment of the Sliding Motion of Curling Delivery in Elite and Subelite Curlers

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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The present study examined the technical characteristics of sliding performance from push-off until stone release in curling delivery. Five elite performance level curlers (> 7 years experience) and five subelite level curlers (< 3 years experience) were analyzed during the action of delivery of a curling stone. The joint angles, angular velocities, and moments of the body center of mass (COM) were determined based on three-dimensional kinematic data. The plantar pressure data were measured using a validated in-shoe system. The results indicated that the gliding time and horizontal velocity of the mass center of the body during the sliding phase were not significantly different between the elite and subelite groups. However, there were significant differences in the gliding distance and the rate of changes in velocity profiles of body COM between the two groups. The moment of the body COM from its relative position to the ankle of the support limb in the anterior/posterior direction was positive in elite curlers and negative in subelite curlers. In addition, larger ankle dorsiflexion and greater contact area of the sliding foot were observed in elite curlers. These data suggest a superior ability of elite curlers to maintain a regulated movement speed and balance control during the performance of a curling stone delivery.

Kyoung-Seok Yoo is with the Department of Sport & Leisure Studies, Chodang University, Chunnam, South Korea. Hyun-Kyung Kim is with the Department of Physical Education, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea. Jin-Hoon Park (Corresponding Author) is with the Department of Physical Education, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.