Decision Making and Experience Level Influence Frontal Plane Knee Joint Biomechanics During a Cutting Maneuver

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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  • 1 Marquette University
  • | 2 University of Michigan
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The purpose of this study was to examine the combined impact of experience and decision making on frontal plane knee joint biomechanics during a cutting maneuver. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected from 12 recreationally active and 18 NCAA Division I female athletes during execution of anticipated and unanticipated single-leg land-and-cut maneuvers. Knee joint abduction angles and external knee joint abduction torques were calculated and discrete peak stance-phase variables were extracted. Angle and torque time-series data were also submitted to separate functional data analyses. Variables derived from the functional data analyses indicated that decision making influenced knee abduction angle and torque time series in the recreational group only. Specifically, these variables pointed to greater knee abduction at the end of stance as well as a greater, albeit delayed peak in knee abduction torque at the beginning of landing in the recreational athletes during the unanticipated condition. In addition, the recreational athletes displayed greater discrete peak knee abduction angles than the Division I athletes regardless of condition. Discrete peak knee abduction torque did not differ between groups or conditions.

Kristof Kipp (Corresponding Author) is with the Department of Physical Therapy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI. Tyler N. Brown, Scott G. McLean, and Riann M. Palmieri-Smith are with the School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.