Effect of Trunk Segment Boundary Definitions on Frontal Plane Segment Inertial Calculations

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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When defining trunk body segment parameters, such as segment length, mass, center of mass location, and radius of gyration, it is necessary to understand and define consistent, anatomically relevant segment boundaries. In addition to the differences in reported trunk parameters due to different data collection and analysis methods (such as cadaver studies and imaging methods), many previous publications have also used differing definitions of the trunk segment. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of differences in trunk segment definitions and obesity on the calculated mass, center of mass, and radius of gyration using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry anthropometry calculations. Twenty-three participants were recruited in normal weight and morbidly obese body mass index categories. A frontal plane dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan was taken of each participant, and 3 trunk segment delineations used by Chambers, de Leva, and Zatsiorsky were used to calculate the trunk parameters. The results showed statistically significant effects of segmentation definition and obesity on the trunk parameters calculated. Because of the potential impacts on static modeling and inverse dynamics calculations, it is important to determine which trunk segmentations are most appropriate for specific applications and to account for the impact of obesity within individuals.

The authors are with the Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Merrill (zfm1@pitt.edu) is corresponding author.
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