Center of Pressure and Perceived Stability in Basketball Shoes With Soft and Hard Midsoles

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of varying midsole hardness on center of pressure (COP) and perceived stability during basketball-specific tasks, as well as the correlation between COP and perception measurements. A total of 20 male basketball players performed 45° cutting and layup while wearing basketball shoes with soft and hard midsoles. COP trajectories were obtained from the Pedar insole system. Stability perceptions at the forefoot and rearfoot were assessed using 150-mm visual analogue scales. Results indicated greater COP mediolateral deviations in soft midsole compared with hard midsole during layup (soft: 16.6 [4.7] mm, hard: 15.8 [4.6] mm, P = .03) but not 45° cutting (soft: 15.7 [5.9] mm, hard: 15.8 [5.6] mm, P = .60). While 16 out of 20 participants preferred soft midsole, no significant difference in visual analogue scale ratings was found between shoes for both tested movements. There was no significant correlation between COP and perceived stability during layup or 45° cutting. In conclusion, midsole hardness of basketball shoes did not consistently affect mediolateral stability of the foot during 45° cutting and layup. Subjective perception alone cannot be used to indicate mediolateral deviation of the foot when executing basketball-specific maneuvers.

Leong, Ng, and Kong are with the Physical Education and Sports Science Academic Group, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Lam is with the Li Ning Sports Science Research Center, Beijing, China; and Department of Kinesiology, Shenyang Sport University, Shenyang, China.

Kong (puiwah.kong@nie.edu.sg) is corresponding author.
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