Complexity of Center of Pressure in Postural Control for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Was Partially Compromised

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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The purpose of this study was to compare the complexity of postural control between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typical developing children during altered visual and somatosensory conditions using the multiscale entropy. Eleven children with ASD and 11 typical developing children were tested during quiet standing under 4 conditions: (1) eyes open and standing on a stable surface, (2) eyes open and standing on a compliant surface, (3) eyes closed and standing on a stable surface, and (4) eyes closed and standing on a compliant surface. The center of pressure data were collected, and multiscale entropy and sway area of center of pressure were calculated. The ASD group exhibited lower complexity in mediolateral sway compared with typical developing children with a large effect size (partial η2 = .21). However, based on the different postural control modes, the anteroposterior sway complexity did not demonstrate a similar decrease for children with ASD. The altered visual or somatosensory conditions alone did not significantly affect the postural sway complexity. The authors concluded that the complexity of postural control for children with ASD was partially compromised. Reduced mediolateral sway complexity could potentially increase the risks of fall.

Li is with the Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA. Mache is with the Department of Kinesiology, California State University Chico, Chico, CA, USA. Todd is with the Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge, Northridge, CA, USA.

Li (yumeng.li@txstate.edu) is corresponding author.
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