Standing Balance Performance and Knee Extensors’ Strength in Diabetic Patients with Neuropathy

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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  • 1 Laval University
  • 2 Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration (CIRRIS)
  • 3 Bu-Ali Sina University
  • 4 Hamadan University of Medical Sciences
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Diabetes peripheral neuropathy (DPN) leads to balance impairment among diabetes mellitus (DM). The aims of this study were to (1) distinguish between DM patients who have/do not have DPN and to (2) compare quadriceps’ strength and balance performance of DM, DPN, and healthy groups. Fifteen healthy females and 33 females with type 2 diabetic patients participated. The electrodiagnostic method was used to classify diabetic patients into DM and DPN. A dynamometer was used to measure quadriceps’ strength. Single-leg standing on a force plate was also used to quantify participants’ balance. Smaller conduction velocity and amplitude and greater distal latency of all nerves were observed in the DPN compared with the DM in particular for sensory nerve. In DPN, conduction velocity was asymmetrical. The quadriceps’ strength of both legs in DPN and the right leg in DM was smaller than in the control group. The root mean square of the center of pressure was similar between DM and DPN. But it was larger in DPN than in the control group. DPN is associated with asymmetrical conduction velocity, smaller quadriceps’ strength, and weaker balance performance that is suggestive of higher risk of falling. Balance training is recommended for the DPN group during their rehabilitation to reduce their falling risk.

Younesian, Simoneau, and Turcot are with the Department of Kinesiology, Laval University, QC, Canada; and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration (CIRRIS), QC, Canada. Younesian and Farahpour are with the Department of Kinesiology, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran. Mazde is with the Department of Neurology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Younesian (hananeh.younesian.1@ulaval.ca) is corresponding author.

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