External Loading at the Knee Joint for Landing Movements in Alpine Skiing

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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The purpose of this study was to determine resultant knee joint forces and moments during a specific movement in Alpine ski racers. The movement analyzed consisted of a landing from a bump and the initiation of recovery (if necessary). Resultant loads were obtained using an inverse dynamics approach. Results of two specific skiers are contrasted, one skier landing in good form, the second skier landing in poor form. The skier landing in poor form exhibited larger knee flexion, and larger knee joint resultant forces and moments than the skier landing in good form. The movement of the skier landing in poor form has been associated with isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, the data obtained in this study do not indicate that either skier was in danger of ACL injury.

This study was supported by a grant from NSERC of Canada.

The authors are with the Biomechanics Laboratory at The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.

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