Impairments of Postural Balance in Surgically Treated Lumbar Disc Herniation Patients

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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Reports on body sway control following microdiscectomy lack reports on side-specific balance deficits as well as the effects of trunk balance control deficits on body sway during upright stances. About 3 weeks post microdiscectomy, the body sway of 27 patients and 25 controls was measured while standing in an upright quiet stance with feet positioned parallel on an unstable support surface, a tandem stance with the involved leg positioned in front or at the back, a single-leg stance with both legs, and sitting on an unstable surface. Velocity, average amplitude, and frequency-direction–specific parameters were analyzed from the center of pressure movement, measured by the force plate. Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were observed for the medial–lateral body sway frequency in parallel stance on a stable and unstable support surface and for the sitting balance task in medial-lateral body sway parameters. Medium to high correlations were observed between body sway during sitting and the parallel stance, as well as between the tandem and single-legged stances. Following microdiscectomy, deficits in postural balance were side specific, as expected by the nature of the pathology. In addition, the results of this study confirmed the connection between proximal balance control deficits and balance during upright quiet balance tasks.

Z.M. Rosker is with the Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia. J. Rosker and Sarabon are with the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia. Sarabon is also with the S2P, Science to Practice, Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behavior, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Z.M. Rosker (majcen.ziva10@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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