Overground Walking Biomechanics of Dissatisfied Persons With Total Knee Replacements

in Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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  • 1 California State University, Long Beach
  • | 2 The University of Tennessee
  • | 3 Tennessee Orthopaedic Clinics
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Patient dissatisfaction following total knee replacement (TKR) procedures is likely influenced by both subjective and objective aspects. Increased pain and reduced performance on clinical tests have been shown in persons who are dissatisfied with the outcome of their surgery. However, it is unknown how overground walking kinematics and kinetics might differ in the dissatisfied versus satisfied patients following TKR surgery. This study compared the lower-extremity walking kinematics and kinetics of patients dissatisfied with their TKR to that of satisfied patients and healthy controls. Thirty nine subjects completed walking trials, including nine dissatisfied and 15 satisfied TKR patients and 15 healthy controls. A 2 × 3 repeated -measures analysis of variance was used to assess differences between groups and limbs (P < .05). Dissatisfied persons showed significantly reduced loading-response and push-off peak vertical ground reaction forces, flexion range of motion, loading-response extension moments, and loading-response abduction moments compared to the controls. Peak loading-response and push-off vertical ground reaction forces and flexion range of motion were reduced in the replaced limb of dissatisfied patients compared with their nonreplaced limb. Push-off plantar flexion moments were reduced in the dissatisfied patients compared with the satisfied and healthy controls. Dissatisfied patients also reported increased knee joint pain and reduced preferred gait speed. Moreover, dissatisfied patients experienced mechanical limb asymmetries not present in those satisfied with their surgery result. Thus, patients dissatisfied with their total knee replacement outcome were found to be experiencing significant negative physiological changes.

Valenzuela is with the Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA. Zhang, Schroeder, Weinhandl, and Zakrajsek are with the Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sports Studies; and Reinbolt is in the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Biomedical Engineering, the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA. Cates is with the Tennessee Orthopaedic Clinics, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Valenzuela (kevin.valenzuela@csulb.edu) is corresponding author.
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