Barriers to Exercise Behavior among Older Adults: A Focus-Group Study

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Longer life expectancy, rapid population growth, and low exercise-participation rates of adults 65 and older justify the need for better understanding of older adults’ exercise behavior. The objectives of this focus-group study were to determine barriers to the exercise behavior of older adults. Six focus groups, three with exercisers and three with nonexercisers, were conducted at various sites throughout Rhode Island. The majority (n = 57) of the 66 individuals who participated were women, and all stated that they were 65 and older. Results from the focus-group data identified 13 barriers to exercise behavior. The most significant barriers mentioned by nonexercisers were fear of falling, inertia, and negative affect. Exercisers identified inertia, time constraints, and physical ailments as being the most significant barriers to exercise. Implications from these focus-group data can be useful in the development of exercise interventions for older adults, which could increase exercise participation.

Lees is with the Cancer Prevention Research Center, and Clark and Newman, the Dept. of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881. Nigg is with the Dept. of Public Health Science and Epidemiology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822.