Older Adults’ Exercise Behavior: Roles of Selected Constructs of Social-Cognitive Theory

Click name to view affiliation

M. Renée Umstattd
Search for other papers by M. Renée Umstattd in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Jeffrey Hallam
Search for other papers by Jeffrey Hallam in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Exercise is consistently related to physical and psychological health benefits in older adults. Bandura’s social-cognitive theory (SCT) is one theoretical perspective on understanding and predicting exercise behavior. Thus, the authors examined whether three SCT variables—self-efficacy, self-regulation, and outcome-expectancy value—predicted older adults’ (N = 98) exercise behavior. Bivariate analyses revealed that regular exercise was associated with being male, White, and married; having higher income, education, and self-efficacy; using self-regulation skills; and having favorable outcome-expectancy values (p < .05). In a simultaneous multivariate model, however, self-regulation (p = .0097) was the only variable independently associated with regular exercise. Thus, exercise interventions targeting older adults should include components aimed at increasing the use of self-regulation strategies.

Umstattd is with the Dept. of Health Science, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. Hallam is with the Dept. of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 4331 653 70
Full Text Views 331 76 4
PDF Downloads 458 86 7