Older Adults’ Exercise Behavior: Roles of Selected Constructs of Social-Cognitive Theory

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Exercise is consistently related to physical and psychological health benefits in older adults. Bandura’s social-cognitive theory (SCT) is one theoretical perspective on understanding and predicting exercise behavior. Thus, the authors examined whether three SCT variables—self-efficacy, self-regulation, and outcome-expectancy value—predicted older adults’ (N = 98) exercise behavior. Bivariate analyses revealed that regular exercise was associated with being male, White, and married; having higher income, education, and self-efficacy; using self-regulation skills; and having favorable outcome-expectancy values (p < .05). In a simultaneous multivariate model, however, self-regulation (p = .0097) was the only variable independently associated with regular exercise. Thus, exercise interventions targeting older adults should include components aimed at increasing the use of self-regulation strategies.

Umstattd is with the Dept. of Health Science, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. Hallam is with the Dept. of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677.

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