Strength and Coordination Training Are Both Effective in Reducing the Postural Tremor Amplitude of Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The current study investigated the effect of 2 different types of unilateral resistance training on the postural tremor output of 19 neurologically healthy men age 70–80 yr. The strength- (n = 7) and coordination-training (n = 7) groups trained twice a week for 6 wk, performing dumbbell biceps curls, wrist flexions, and wrist extensions, while the control group (n = 5) maintained their normal activities. Changes in index-finger tremor (RMS amplitude, peak, and proportional power) and upper limb muscle coactivation were assessed during 4 postural conditions that were performed separately with the trained and untrained limbs. The 2 training groups experienced significantly greater reductions in mean RMS tremor amplitude, peak, and proportional tremor power 8–12 Hz and upper limb muscle coactivation, as well as greater increases in strength, than the control group. These results further demonstrate the benefits of resistance training for improving function in older adults.

Keogh is with the Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. Morrison is with the School of Physical Therapy, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. Barrett is with the School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.