A 1-Year Exercise Program for Older Women: Effects on Falls, Injuries, and Physical Performance

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Click name to view affiliation

Priscilla Gilliam MacRae
Search for other papers by Priscilla Gilliam MacRae in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Michael E. Feltner
Search for other papers by Michael E. Feltner in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Sibylle Reinsch
Search for other papers by Sibylle Reinsch in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This study examined the effects of a 1-year low intensity exercise program in community dwelling older women on falls, injuries, and risk factors for falls such as poor balance, muscular weakness, and gait abnormalities. Eighty older women were assigned to an exercise (Ex, n = 42) or attention control (Co, n = 38) group. During the 1-year study, 36% of the Ex group experienced a fall compared to 45% of the Co group (χ2 = 0.22, p ≥ 0.05). None of the 10 fallers in the Ex group suffered an injury that required medical attention, compared with 3 of the 14 fallers (21%) in the Co group. Further analyses indicated that the Co group declined significantly in isometric strength of the knee extensors and ankle dorsiflexors while the Ex group did not change significantly across the 1-year study. On measures of hip abductor strength, balance, and gait, the groups were not significantly different from each other pre- to post intervention.

P. Gilliam MacRae and M.E. Feltner: Department of Sports Medicine and Physical Education, Pepperdine University, 24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA 90263. S. Reinsch: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, P.O. Box 14091, Orange, CA 92613-1491.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1686 616 128
Full Text Views 40 18 1
PDF Downloads 55 24 2