Outcomes of a Multicomponent Physical Activity Program for Sedentary, Community-Dwelling Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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This single-group repeated-measures pilot study evaluated the effects of a 10-wk, multicomponent, best-practice exercise program on physical activity, performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), physical performance, and depression in community-dwelling older adults from low-income households (N = 15). Comparison of pretest and posttest scores using a one-tailed paired-samples t test showed improvement (p < .05) for 2 of 3 ADL domains on the Activity Measure–Post Acute Care and for 6 physical-performance measures of the Senior Fitness Test. Repeated-measures ANOVA revealed significant main effects for 3 of 8 physical activity measures using the Yale Physical Activity Scale. Retention rate was 78.9%, and the adherence rate for group sessions was 89.7%. Results suggest that participation in a multicomponent, best-practice physical activity program may positively affect sedentary, community-dwelling older adults’ physical activity, ADL performance, and physical performance.

Toto, Raina, Holm, and Rogers are with the Dept. of Occupational Therapy; Schlenk, the School of Nursing; and Rubinstein, the Office of Measurement and Evaluation of Teaching, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA