Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial: Elastic-Resistance-Training and Lifestyle-Activity Intervention for Sedentary Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and feasibility of a resistancetraining (RT) and lifestyle-activity program for sedentary older adults. Eligible participants (N = 44) were randomized to an 8-wk intervention or a control group. The primary outcome was lower body muscle strength, and participants completed a range of secondary outcomes. There was a significant group-by-time interaction for lower body muscle strength (difference = 3.9 repetitions [reps], 95% CI = 2.0–5.8 reps; p < .001; d = 1.0). Changes in secondary outcomes were generally small and not statistically significant. Attendance and program satisfaction were both high. A combined elastic-tubing RT and lifestyle-activity program delivered in the community setting is an efficacious and feasible approach to improve health in sedentary older adults.

D. Lubans and Mundey are with the School of Education, and N. Lubans, the School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia. Lonsdale is with the School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, Australia.