This study aimed to estimate the efficacy of inertial training in older women using the Inertial Training and Measurement System (ITMS), an original device. Forty-five active women age 53–74 yr performed inertial training with 2 different loads (0 or 5 kg) 3 times weekly for 4 wk. Training sessions consisted of exercises involving the shoulder muscles of the dominant and nondominant arms. The maximal torque and power developed by the dominant and nondominant arms in the 0-kg and 5-kg groups were significantly greater after 4 wk of inertial training (with the exception of torque for the nondominant arm in the 5-kg group; p > .05). Thus, short-term training using the ITMS is efficacious and can be used in older women to improve strength and power. However, ITMS training-induced changes in older women are greater after application of smaller external loads.
The authors are with the Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzow Wielkopolski, University School of Physical Education in Poznan, Poland.