How Do Older Adults Respond to Active Australia Physical Activity Questions? Lessons From Cognitive Interviews

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The aim of this study was to examine older adults’ understanding and interpretation of a validated questionnaire for physical activity surveillance, the Active Australia Survey (AAS). To address this aim, cognitive interviewing techniques were used during face-to-face semistructured interviews with 44 adults age 65–89 years. Qualitative data analysis revealed that participants were confused with questionnaire phrasing, misunderstood the scope of activities to include in answers, and misunderstood the time frame of activities to report. They also struggled to accurately estimate the frequency and duration of their activities. Our findings suggest that AAS questions may be interpreted differently by older adults than intended by survey developers. Findings also suggest that older adults use a range of methods for calculating PA frequency and duration. The issues revealed in this study may be useful for adapting AAS for use in older community-dwelling adults.

Heesch is with the School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. van Uffelen is with the Inst. of Sport, Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. Brown is with the School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.