Descriptive Epidemiology of Physical Activity Levels and Patterns in New Zealanders in Advanced Age

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Casey Mace
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Ngaire Kerse
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Ralph Maddison
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Timothy Olds
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Santosh Jatrana
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Carol Wham
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Mere Kepa
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Anna Rolleston
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Ruth Teh
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Joanna Broad
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Background:

Little is known about the physical activity levels and behaviors of advanced age New Zealanders.

Methods:

A cross-sectional analysis of data from Life and Living in Advanced Age: A Cohort Study in New Zealand (LiLACS NZ), Te Puāwaitanga O Nga Tapuwae Kia ora Tonu, measures of physical activity (PASE) (n = 664, aged 80–90 [n = 254, Māori, aged 82.5(2), n = 410 non-Māori, aged 85(.5)]) was conducted to determine physical activity level (PAL). A substudy (n = 45) was conducted to attain detailed information about PAL and behaviors via the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA) and accelerometry. The main study was analyzed by sex for Māori and non-Māori.

Results:

Men consistently had higher levels of physical activity than women for all physical activity measures. Sex was significant for different domains of activity.

Mace is with the Department of Health, Educational Administration and Movement Studies, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA. Kerse, Kepa, and Teh are with the Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Maddison is with the National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Olds is with the Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Jatrana is with the Alfred Deakin Research Institute, Deakin University, Wollongong, Australia. Wham is with the Institute of Food, Nutrition & Human Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand. Rolleston is with the Department of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Broad is with the Freemasons Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Address author correspondence to Casey Mace at cjmace@indiana.edu.
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