Contribution of Psychosocial Factors to Physical Activity in Women of Color in the Saving Lives Staying Active (SALSA) Study

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Culturally appropriate, innovative strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in women of color are needed. This study examined whether participation in SALSA, an 8-week randomized, crossover pilot study to promote PA, led to improved psychosocial outcomes and whether these changes were associated with changes in PA over time. Women of color (N = 50) completed Internet-based questionnaires on PA, exercise self-efficacy, motivational readiness, stress, and social support at three time points. Women reported high socioeconomic status, decreases in exercise self-efficacy, and increases in motivational readiness for exercise and a number of stressful events (p < .05); changes in motivational readiness for exercise varied by group (p = .043). Changes in psychosocial factors were associated with increases in PA. Latin dance improved motivational readiness for PA. Future studies are needed to determine whether Latin dance improves other psychological measures and quality of life in women of color in an effort to increase PA and reduce health disparities.

Mama is with the Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Development, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. McNeill is with the Department of Health Disparities Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Soltero and Lee are with the College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Orlando Edwards is with Strictly Street Salsa Dance Company, Houston, TX.

Address author correspondence to Scherezade K. Mama at skmama@psu.edu.
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