Whole-Body Vibration Training Improves Heart Rate Variability and Body Fat Percentage in Obese Hispanic Postmenopausal Women

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $76.00

1 year subscription

USD $101.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $144.00

2 year subscription

USD $189.00

The present study examined the effects of a 6-week whole-body vibration training (WBVT) regimen on heart rate variability (HRV) and body composition in obese Hispanic postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned to either WBVT (n = 13) or a nonexercising control group (n = 14). HRV and body composition were measured before and after 6 weeks. There was a significant group by time interaction (P < .05) for heart rate, sympathovagal balance, and body fat percentage (BF%) such that all significantly decreased (P < .05); and R-R intervals significantly increased (P < .05) following WBVT compared to no changes after control. The changes in sympathovagal balance were correlated with changes in BF% (r = .63, P < .05). Our findings indicate that WBVT improves HRV and BF% in obese Hispanic postmenopausal women. The improvement in BF% partially explained the decrease in sympathovagal balance. Since obese and older individuals are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, they could potentially benefit from WBVT.

Severino is with the Department of Physical Education, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, PR. Sanchez-Gonzalez is with Larkin Community Hospital and Larkin Health Sciences Institute, Miami, FL. Walters-Edwards, Nordvall, and Wong are with the Department of Health and Human Performance, Marymount University, Arlington, VA. Chernykh is with the Department of Philosophy, Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Chelyabinsk Region, Russia. Adames is with Centro de Fisioterapia Aguadeño, Aguada, PR.

Address author correspondence to Alexei Wong at awong@marymount.edu.
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Article Sections
References
  • BaekJ.ParkD.KimI.WonJ.-U.HwangJ. & RohJ. (2013). Autonomic dysfunction of overweight combined with low muscle mass. Clinical Autonomic Research 23(6) 325331. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrockbankC.L.ChatterjeeF.BruceS.A. & WoledgeR.C. (2000). Heart rate and its variability change after the menopause. Experimental Physiology 85(3) 327330. PubMed doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CardinaleM. & LimJ. (2003). Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 17(3) 621624. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoupéM.YuanM.DemiotC.BaiY.Q.JiangS.Z.LiY.Z.... LiY.H. (2011). Low-magnitude whole body vibration with resistive exercise as a countermeasure against cardiovascular deconditioning after 60 days of head-down bed rest. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 301(6) 17481754. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Da SilvaM.E.FernandezJ.M.CastilloE.NuñezV.M.VaamondeD.M.PobladorM.S. & LanchoJ.L. (2007). Influence of vibration training on energy expenditure in active men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 21(2) 470475. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EarnestC.P.LavieC.J.BlairS.N. & ChurchT.S. (2008). Heart rate variability characteristics in sedentary postmenopausal women following six months of exercise training: the DREW study. PLoS One 3(6) e2288. 18523583 doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FigueroaA.GilR.WongA.HooshmandS.ParkS.Y.VicilF. & Sanchez-GonzalezM.A. (2012). Whole-body vibration training reduces arterial stiffness, blood pressure and sympathovagal balance in young overweight/obese women. Hypertension Research 35(6) 667672. 22357522 doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FigueroaA.KalfonR.MadzimaT.A. & WongA. (2014). Effects of whole-body vibration exercise training on aortic wave reflection and muscle strength in postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension 28(2) 118122. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FigueroaA.KalfonR.TakudzwaA.MadzimaB.WongA. & MadzimaT.A. (2014). Whole-body vibration exercise training reduces arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension. Menopause 21(2) 131136. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FjeldstadC.PalmerI.J.BembenM.G. & BembenD.A. (2009). Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. Maturitas 63(1) 7983. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FlorezJ.C.PriceA.L.CampbellD.RibaL.ParraM.V.YuF.ReichD. (2009). Strong association of socioeconomic status with genetic ancestry in Latinos: implications for admixture studies of type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia 52(8) 15281536. 19526211 doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FryarC.CarrollM. & OgdenC. (2012 September). Prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults: United States, trends 1960–1962 through 2009–2010. National Center of Health Statistics (pp. 18). Retrieved from http://www.stevesaenz.com/uploads/1/0/6/4/10642571/prevalence_of_overweight_obesity_and_extreme_obesity_among_adults.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GaratacheaN.JiménezA.BrescianiG.MariñoN.A.González-GallegoJ. & de PazJ.A. (2007). The effects of movement velocity during squatting on energy expenditure and substrate utilization in whole-body vibration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 21(2) 594598. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GuérinE. & FortierM.S. (2012). Situational motivation and perceived intensity: their interaction in predicting changes in positive affect from physical activity. Journal of Obesity 2012269320 doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JurcaR.ChurchT.S.MorssG.M.JordanA.N. & EarnestC.P. (2004). Eight weeks of moderate-intensity exercise training increases heart rate variability in sedentary postmenopausal women. American Heart Journal 147(5) e8e15. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KosterA.DingJ.StenholmS.CaserottiP.HoustonD.K.NicklasB.J.HarrisT.B. (2011). Does the amount of fat mass predict age-related loss of lean mass, muscle strength, and muscle quality in older adults? The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 66A(8) 888895. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LampertR.IckovicsJ.HorwitzR. & LeeF. (2005). Depressed autonomic nervous system function in African Americans and individuals of lower social class: a potential mechanism of race- and class-related disparities in health outcomes. American Heart Journal 150(1) 153160. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • León-MimilaP.Villamil-RamírezH.Villalobos-ComparánM.Villarreal-MolinaT.Romero-HidalgoS.López-ContrerasB.Canizales-QuinterosS. (2013). Contribution of common genetic variants to obesity and obesity-related traits in Mexican children and adults. PLoS One 8(8) e70640. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LindmarkS.LönnL.WiklundU.TufvessonM.OlssonT. & ErikssonJ.W. (2005). Dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system can be a link between visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. Obesity Research 13(4) 717728. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MachadoA.García-LópezD.González-GallegoJ. & GaratacheaN. (2010). Whole-body vibration training increases muscle strength and mass in older women: a randomized-controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 20(2) 200207. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martinez-DunckerD.ElvaM.ReaR.RodríguezE.G.RebolledoD.M.D. & RebolledoM.E.M.D. (2011). Sympathovagal tone assessed by heart rate variability is directly related to body mass index, percent body fat, and skeletal muscle in healthy male and female young volunteers. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 78228.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MaY.HebertJ.R.BalasubramanianR.WedickN.M.HowardB.VRosalM.C.MansonJ.E. (2013). All-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality rates in postmenopausal white, black, Hispanic, and Asian women with and without diabetes in the United States: the Women’s Health Initiative, 1993–2009. American Journal of Epidemiology 178(10) 15331541. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=medc&NEWS=N&AN=24045960 PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NunanD.GayD.JakovljevicD.G.HodgesL.D.SandercockG.R.H. & BrodieD.A. (2009). Validity and reliability of short-term heart-rate variability from the Polar S810. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41(1) 243250. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • O’NeillK. & ReidG. (1991). Perceived barriers to physical activity by older adults. Canadian Journal of Public Health 82(6) 3926. PubMed

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PaganiM.LombardiF.GuzzettiS.RimoldiO.FurlanR.PizzinelliP.PiccalugaE. (1986). Power spectral analysis of heart rate and arterial pressure variabilities as a marker of sympatho-vagal interaction in man and conscious dog. Circulation Research 59(2) 178193. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PiccirilloG.BuccaC.BaucoC.CintiA.M.MicheleD.FimognariF.L.MariglianoV. (1998). Power spectral analysis of heart rate in subjects over a hundred years old. International Journal of Cardiology 635361. PubMed doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RosanoG.M.C.VitaleC.MarazziG. & VolterraniM. (2007). Menopause and cardiovascular disease: the evidence. Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society 10 (Suppl 1) 1924. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RubinC.T.CapillaE.LuuY.K.BusaB.CrawfordH.NolanD.J.JudexS. (2007). Adipogenesis is inhibited by brief, daily exposure to high-frequency, extremely low-magnitude mechanical signals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(45) 1787917884. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RyanA.S.PratleyR.E.ElahiD. & GoldbergA.P. (1995). Resistive training increases fat-free mass and maintains RMR despite weight loss in postmenopausal women. Journal of Applied Physiology 79(3) 81823. PubMed

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchwartzP.J.La RovereM.T. & VanoliE. (1992). Autonomic nervous system and sudden cardiac death. Experimental basis and clinical observations for post-myocardial infarction risk stratification. Circulation 85(Suppl 1) I77I91. PubMed

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SymeCAbrahamowiczM.LeonardG.PerronM.PitiotA.QiuX.PausovaZ. (2008). Intra-abdominal adiposity and individual components of the metabolic syndrome in adolescence: sex differences and underlying mechanisms. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 162(5) 453461. PubMed. doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TappL.R. & SignorileJ.F. (2014). Efficacy of WBV as a modality for inducing changes in body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular strength: a pilot study. Clinical Interventions in Aging 96372. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. (1996). Heart rate variability: standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use. Circulation 93(5) 10431065. doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VerheydenB.EijndeB.O.BeckersF.VanheesL. & AubertA.E. (2006). Low-dose exercise training does not influence cardiac autonomic control in healthy sedentary men aged 55-75 years. Journal of Sports Sciences 24(11) 11371147. PubMed doi:.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VissersD.VerrijkenA.MertensI.Van GilsC.Van de SompelA.TruijenS. & Van GaalL. (2010). Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report. Obesity Facts 3(2) 93100. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WongA.Alvarez-AlvaradoS.JaimeS.J.KinseyA.W.SpicerM.T.MadzimaT.A. & FigueroaA. (2016). Combined whole-body vibration training and L -citrulline supplementation improves pressure wave reflection in obese postmenopausal women. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism 41(3) 292297. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YiS.H.LeeK.ShinD.G.KimJ.S. & KimH.C. (2013). Differential association of adiposity measures with heart rate variability measures in Koreans. Yonsei Medical Journal 54(1) 5561. PubMed doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zahorska-MarkiewiczB.KuagowskaE.KucioC. & KlinM. (1993). Heart rate variability in obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 17(1) 213. PubMed

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 90 90 27
Full Text Views 1 1 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar