A Comparative Study of the Effects of Pilates and Latin Dance on Static and Dynamic Balance in Older Adults

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of exercise programs with Pilates and Latin dance on older adults’ static and dynamic balance. Thirty-two older adults were divided into three groups: Pilates group, Dance group, and Control group. Static and dynamic balance was assessed with following tasks: (a) tandem stance, (b) one-leg stance, and (c) periodic sway with and without metronome guidance. Analysis revealed a significant reduction of the trunk sway amplitude during the tandem stance with eyes closed, reduction in the center of pressure (CoP) displacement during one-leg stance, and increase in the amplitude of trunk oscillation during the sway task for both intervention groups, and reduction in the standard deviation of the CoP displacement during the metronome paced task only for the dance group. The differences in specific balance indices between the two programs suggest some specific adaptations that may provide useful knowledge for the selection of exercises that are better tailored to the needs of the old adult

Sofianidis, Dimitriou, and Hatzitaki are with the Laboratory of Motor Control and Learning, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Address author correspondence to George Sofianidis at gsofiani@auth.gr.
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