Exploring the Objective and Perceived Environmental Attributes of Older Adults’ Neighborhood Walking Routes: A Mixed Methods Analysis

in Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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Walking is a central form of physical activity among older adults that is associated with the physical environment at various scales. This mixed-methods study employs a concurrent nested design to explore objective and perceived environmental characteristics of older adults’ local walking routes. This was achieved by integrating quantitative Geographic Information System (GIS) data with qualitative data obtained using the Stanford Discovery Tool (DT). Fifty-nine community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (14 men and 45 women aged 50+) were recruited in a snowball approach through community centers in the city of Haifa (Israel). Four neighborhood environment themes were identified: pedestrian infrastructure, access to destinations, aesthetics, and environmental quality. Both geometrical traits (i.e., distance, slope) and urban features (i.e., land-uses, greenery) of the route may impact the experience of walking. The findings thus highlight the importance of micro-scale environmental elements in shaping environmental perceptions, which may consequently influence the choice of being active.

Moran and HaGani are with the School of Public Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. Werner is with the Department of Community Mental Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. Doron and Benvenisti are with the Department of Gerontology, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. King, Winter, and Sheats are with Stanford Healthy Aging Research & Technology Solutions Laboratory, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Garber and Motro are with JDC Israel Eshel, Jerusalem, Israel. Ergon is with Shilo - Non-Profit Organization Promoting Services for the Welfare of the Elderly, Haifa, Israel.

Address author correspondence to Mika R. Moran at moran.mika@gmail.com.
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